Machine Guns in WWI
The countries in World War One that utilized machine guns were Germany, Spandeau, Britian, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, Russia, America, and Denmark.
Hiram Maxim was the inventor of the machine gun. He adopted the idea from the first hand-powered Gatling Gun. The first machine guns, however, were not handheld and required four to six soldiers to operate it.
The purpose of machine guns was to kill people, but the original idea was for it to be used to defend. A World War One veteran said," I have heard and read a great deal about open warfare and know I'm going through it, you can imagine how awful it is."
The machine guns were not perfect. They would jam, overheat, and required constant attention. The soldiers operating the gun would have to bring extra water in case of overheating. Each regiment would normally consist of four machine guns and thirty five men per machine gun, so about 140 soldiers and then eight more to control the overheating and lug around the water.
Their were many different models of the machine guns in World War One such as the Bergmann MB 15 (from Germany), the Browning Automatic Rifle (from America), the Chauchat (from France), the Fiat-Revelli (from Italy), the Madsen (from Denmark), the Vickers (from Britain), the Pulemyot Maxima (from Russia), the Schwarzlose (from Austria-Hungary), and many more from other minor countries.