Genetic Disorder: Albinsim
Over 107 years ago , Sir Archibald Garrod discovered albinism. Albinism is a genetic condition where people are born without the usual pigment or color in their bodies. Their bodies aren't able to make a normal amount of melanin, the chemical that is responsible for eye, skin, and hair color. So most people with albinism have very pale skin, hair, and eyes. Fewer than twenty thousand people are diagnosed every year in the United States of America. Most people with albinism are sensitive to the sun, have a higher, risk of skin cancer, and have eye conditions.
There may not be a cure, but your skin and eyes can be treated. There are many ways to get treated. Use low vision aids, such as a hand-held magnifying glass, a monocular or a magnifier that attaches to glasses. Apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 that protects against both UVA and UVB light. Avoid high-risk sun exposure, such as being outside in the middle of the day, at high altitudes, and on sunny days with thin cloud cover. Wear protective clothing, including long-sleeved shirts, long pants and broad-rimmed hats. Protect eyes by wearing dark, UV-blocking sunglasses or transition lenses that darken in bright light. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases conditions/albinism/basics/lifestyle-home-remedies/con-20029935)
When you are diagnosed with albinism many symptoms come along with it. Some symptoms are in your eyes you have rapid involuntary movement, lazy eye, or underdeveloped optic nerve. Visually you are sensitive to light, have blurred vision, and astigmatism. On the skin you have loss of color or freckles.
Albinism is caused by a mutation in one of several genes. Each of these genes provides instructions for making one of several proteins involved in the production of melanin. So, that means that since there is several genes there are several different chromosomes that are affected. Albinism affects people from all races. Most children with albinism are born to parents who have normal hair and eye color for their ethnic backgrounds. One person in 17,000 has some type of albinism. Over 107 years ago , Sir Archibald Garrod discovered albinism. In conclusion, I may not know anyone with albinism, but I chose this genetic disorder because there is very little amount of people that have albinism and they need to be recognized for what they have gone through their entire life!!!