Missions to the Moon

  By: Madison Hall

Project Mercury

Project Mercury began in 1958 and ended in 1963.  This project brought the first human into space. The objectives of the program, that got 6 humans to the moon, were:

~ To successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth

~ To investigate humankinds' ability to function in space

~ To recover both occupant and spacecraft

The names of the spacecraft pilots are Alan Shepard, Gus Grissom, Gordon Cooper, and Wally Schirra. This mission was a success.

Project Gemini

Project Gemini consisted of 10 flights in 1965 and 1966. Gemini missions involved the first American extravehicular activity and new orbital maneuvers including rendezvous and docking. The objectives of  Project Gemini:

~ Gain astronaut experience with long duration space flights

~ Perfect methods of reentry and landing the spacecraft

~  Study the effects of weightlessness on astronauts during long flights

Their aren't specific names of the astronauts, but the project was named after them. Some problems at happened during this process, 3 people died during training. This mission was successful.

Apollo 11

Apollo 11 was the first spacecraft to land people on the moon. It landed Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins.  Michael piloted the spacecraft. They launched the spacecraft in 1969. They stayed about 21 1/2 hours on the lunar surface. They collected about 47.5 pounds of the surface to return to Earth.