Famous People of The Cold War:
John F. Kennedy

By Derrick Kipp

John F. Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917.  He was the 35th President of the United States and was also a US Senator and member of the House of Representatives in Massachusetts as well.

During his early years, he grew up in Brookline.  He moved to New York when he was 10.  He was born to Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr., who was a politician, and  Rose Kennedy, a philanthropist.  He had 3 brothers and 6 sisters. His brother Joseph Jr. was killed in action in WWII while Robert and Ted Kennedy were Senators.  His sister Eunice founded the Special Olympics.

Kennedy attended 5 different schools before he was even 13.  He spent his high school years in a few schools around Connecticut.  At the age of 19 he attended Harvard College

JFK at the age of 10

During his enrollment in Harvard, he became interested in political philosophy.  He graduated from Harvard in 1940 with a bachelor's degree in Science cum laude in international affairs.  In the fall of that same year he enrolled at the Stanford Graduate School of Business.  There he examined verification of records and accounts.  Around 13 years later at the age of 36 he married Jacqueline Bouvier.

JFK at Harvard
JFK and Jacqueline Bouvier

JFK started his campaign for President on January 2, 1960.  Along with Richard Nixon, Kennedy appeared on the first televised presidential debates in US history.  John won the debates against Nixon and was the youngest person to be elected President.

During his Presidency, he faced many challenges including the Cuban Missile Crisis.  He was also well known for giving his civil rights address and his support in the pushing forward the Civil Rights Movement. However he didn't live to see the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

On November 22, 1963 at the age of 46, JFK was assassinated. While traveling through downtown Dallas he was shot in the throat, then in the head.  He was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald.  Many say his death was conspiracy.

John F. Kennedy believed in democracy and was a liberal; he was always open to new political ideas and was readily willing to discard traditional values.  

Kennedy was a catholic.  However, he promoted the separation between church and state due to his religious liability in the political system.

JFK possible friends could have been Lyndon B. Johnson who was the vice president during his presidency, Dwight D. Eisenhower who was president before him, Robert McNamara who was the US defense secretary, Marilyn Monroe (it has been said he might of had an affair with her), and Charles L. Bartlett who introduced John to his soon to be wife.

JFK was known well for his speeches and quotes.  One of my personal favorites is "Those who dare to fail miserably can achieve greatly".

3 interesting facts about JFK are 1) One of his legs were shorter than the other leading to his chronic back problems 2) Kennedy was the target of 4 assassination attempts before he was actually assassinated 3) Kennedy once gave his whole White House salary to charity


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