Metaphors- Describe one thing as if it were something else. The house was a zoo this morning!
Personification- Gives human qualities to something that is no human. The cars growled in the traffic.
Similes- Use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things. He stormed into the meeting like a tornado.
Symbol- A symbol is anything that represents something else. For example, a dove is a common symbol for peace.
Alliteration- Is the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in slippery slope.
Repetition- Is the use of any element of language-a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence- more than once.
Assonance- Is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in blade and maze.
Consonance- Is the repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in wind and sand.
Onomatopoeia- Is the use of words that imitate sounds. Crash, bang, and hiss are all examples of onomatopoeia.
Rhyme- Is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words, as in speech and teach.
Meter- Is the rhythmical pattern in a poem.
Narrative Poetry- Tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Haiku- Is a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Free Verse Poetry- Is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Lyric Poetry- Expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
Ballads- Are songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete Poems-Are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
Limericks- Are humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
Rhyming Couplets- Are pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.