Wars of the Roses
The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. It was a civil war fought between the House of Lancaster (Red Rose of Lancaster) and the House of York (White Rose of York) for the English throne from 1455 to 1487. Continent and weak central authority provoked a struggle between the barons for the influence over weak Lancastrian King Henry VI. By the middle of the 15th century the fractions polarized around Richard Platagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset who was the head of the court fraction and was supported by Henry VI. Richard, Duke of York was named Protector of the Realm when Henry VI became insane in 1453 but Henry VI recovered by the end of 1454 and excluded Richard from the royal council in 1455 which resulted in the outbreak of the Wars of the Roses.