2.02 Basic Cookies
B. Characteristics/ Texture
D. Safety And Sanitation
F. *Extra Credit* Cooling
G. *Extra Credit* Storing
A. Types of Cookies
1. Drop Cookies:
2. Rolled Cookies:
3. Icebox/Refrigerated Cookies:
4. Molded Cookies:
5. Bar Cookies:
6. Pressed Cookies:
B. Characteristic/ Texture
Crisp Cookies: made from stiff dough, without much liquid in the mix; also with a high ratio of sugar
Chewy Cookies: have a high ratio of of eggs, sugar, and liquid; have a low ratio of fat
Soft Cookies: has low amounts of fat and sugar in the batter; a high portion of liquid (such as eggs)
Leavening Agent: a substance that causes a baked good to rise by introducing carbon dioxide or other gases to the mixture. The end result is a light, tender texture and good volume. The main leavening agents are air, steam, baking soda, baking powder and yeast.
D. Safety and Sanitation
Safety: When taking cookies out of the oven, always make sure you carefully take them out with a pot holder or a cloth in order to not burn yourself.
Sanitation: Always when you're cooking/baking foods you need to make sure you wash your hands before you begin touching the food. Pull your hair back (if necessary) in order to keep it out of the food) and wear gloves or other protective clothing when required.
Cooling: When you bake cookies, always take them out when they are slightly underbaked. When you take them out of the oven still on the pan, they will continue to cook until the pan's temperature has lowered. When the pan's temperature lowers, so will the cookies. Cookies are done when the bottom and the edges are a light golden brown. Be sure not to remove the cookies until they have finished cooling. Some cookies will crack if they are cooled in a draft or too quickly.
Storing: Be sure that cookies are completely cooled before storing them. Cookies are best kept in airtight containers and away from moisture. Do not refrigerate them, but they can be frozen for up to 3 months. It is important to properly wrap cookies right to prevent moisture from reaching them and to ensure freshness.