Leprosy is caused by a slow-growing type of bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae(M. leprae).
transmitted by the droplets of mucus from the mouth and nose of the infected. Or eating armadillo.
How Contagious is it?
Not very contagious a person must be directly exposed to the droplets and in most cases repeatedly.
How virulent is leprosy?
There is a cure! Leprosy can be cured. In the last two decades, more than 14 million people with leprosy have been cured. A number of different antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria.
The main symptom of leprosy is disfiguring skin sores, lumps, or bumps that do not go away after several weeks or months. The skin sores are pale-colored.
Nerve damage can lead to:
- Loss of feeling in the arms and legs
- Muscle weakness
It usually takes about 3 to 5 years for symptoms to appear after coming into contact with the leprosy-causing bacteria. Some people do not develop symptoms until 20 years later.
What tests are done for positivity?
A sample of inactivated (unable to cause infection) leprosy-causing bacteria is injected just under the skin, usually on the forearm, so that a small lump pushes the skin up. The lump indicates that the antigen has been injected at the correct depth.
The injection site is labeled and examined 3 days, and again 28 days, later to see if there is a reaction.
Several drugs are used in combination in multidrug therapy. These drugs must never be used alone as mono therapy for leprosy.
successfulness of treatment
High. Leporasy is totally curable
0% but if its left untreated 100%