Nelson Mandela

By: Sydney Seaman

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. Nelson Accomplished many things. He was a anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist. Nelson Mandela also served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Mandela was South Africa's first African American chief executive. He was also the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.

Early Life

Nelson Mandela was born in Mveso, Transkei, South African into a royal family. Mandelas father was destined to be a chief he served as a tribal chief for many years. His father lost his title and forced there family to move to Qunu a even smaller village than before. At the village of Qunu Nelson Mandela was baptized he then was the first in there family to attend school. At the school his teacher told him that his new first name would be nelson due to british educational system. At the age of 9 years old Nelson's father died of lung disease. This changed his life in several ways. After his father died he was adopted by another chief and moved away from the village of Quanu. He went to school there and tryed to adapt to his new surroundings.

Middle Ages

  • At the age of 16 he it was time to take the ritual to mark your entrance into manhood.
  • In 1939 he enrolled in the University Collage of Fort Hare. This was the only higher learning in South Africa at the time.
  • When Mandela was 20 years old he directed a campaign of peaceful defiance against the South African government.

Sentenced to Jail?

On August 5, 1962 Nelson Mandela was arrested for going out of the country without a passport and incitement. He is sentenced five years in the jail of Pretoria Local Prison. On May 27, 1963 he was transferred to Robben Island. He was then transferred back to Pretoria Local Prison. In 1964 he was convinced of Sabotage with a group of people. The day after he was sentenced to life in prison with that same group of people who were convinced of sabotage. In 1988 he was then transferred to Victor Verster Prison. At last Nelson Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison on February 11, 1990.

Presidential Years

South Africa's first multi-racial election of April 27, 1994. The ANC won by 62% of votes. Mandela being head of ANC became the president of South Africa on May 10, 1994 as the first African American president. Being 75 years of age he was known as one of the oldest Presidents of South Africa.

  • In 1995 the South African rugby team won the final against New Zealand. Nelson Mandela presented the trophy to captain Francois Pienaar. This was known for a step in the restoration of black and white South Africans.
  • In 1996 constitution limited his term to 5 years in office. Threes years later Nelson Mandela left office on June 14, 1999.


Nelson Mandela frist marriage was Evelyn Ntoko in 1944. They divorced in 1958 after 13 years. In that same year of 1958 he married Winnie Madikizela his second wife. They separated in 1992 and divorced in 1996. Mandela later married Graça Machel from 1998 till his death in 2013.

Mandela children

  • Madiba Thembekile Mandela
  • Makaziwe Mandela
  • Makaziwe Mandela
  • Zenani Mandela
  • Zindziswa Mandela
  • Makgatho Lewanika Mandela


  • Noble Peace Prize
  • Time's Person of the Year
  • Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
  • Ambassador of Conscience Award
  • Harvard Business School Statesman of the Year Award
  • United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights
  • Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award


  • 1939 Mandela attended Fort Hare in Alice
  • 1942 Attend African National Congress (ANC) meetings informally
  • Graduates from Fort Hare in 1943 enrolls at Wits University
  • 1948 elected national secretary
  • 1951 elected president
  • November 7 arrested for five years
  • 1993 Mandela got awarded the noble peace prize
  • 1996 Married Graça Machel


From suffering from a respiratory infection Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013 at the age of 95. He died at his home town Houghton, Johannesburg surrounded by his family.


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