Chinese Empires: Sui, Tang, Song
Sui Dynasty 589-618
Wendi was the founder of the Sui dynasty as well as a major factor in advancements such as the Grand Canal or the system for giving adult males land to ensure the dynasty's steady food source.
Buddhism was growing in popularity during the Sui dynasty.
Tang Dynasty 618-907
After a Sui general seized power, he formed the Tang dynasty and became its first emperor. It was built on Sui government and culture, bringing aspects of bureaucracy and buddhism into its everyday life. It was during this dynasty that the government opened up for foreign trade and affairs, which in turn boosted the economy and opened the gates for expansion.
Much of the expansion of the Tang Dynasty occurred under the rule of their second emperor, Taizong.
Poets grew in popularity and in number during the height of the Tang dynasty. Du Fu, a particularly famous poet wrote:
Jade dew withers and wounds the groves of maple trees,
On Wu mountain, in Wu gorge, the air is dull and drear.
On the river surging waves rise to meet the sky,
Above the pass wind and cloud join the earth with darkness.
Chrysanthemum bushes open twice, weeping for their days,
A lonely boat, a single line, my heart is full of home.
Winter clothes everywhere are urgently cut and measured,
Baidicheng above, the evening's driven by beating on stones.
The Tang made advancements, like the ones shown above, such as the magnetic compass, the first paper money, fun powder, and new methods of printing including wood block and movable type.
Empress Wu was China's only female ruler ever to legally hold power.
Song Dynasty 960-1279
During the Song (Sung) dynasty, bureaucracy continued to thrive, and a new branch of confucianism was formed. Basic culture and living conditions of the people continued to grow and change as well.
Neo-Confucianism was developed in the Song dynasty. It was a combination of many religions at the time, but focussed on the beliefs and customs of Confucianism. Where as Confucianism was more of a philosophy, focussing on only the real world, Neo-Confucianism opened their views to the spiritual world as well, making it more of a religion.
Tea became more popular and spread quickly along the Silk Road.
New farming methods were being created rapidly during the Song dynasty, and they too were traveling along the Silk Road.
One of this dynasty's most important advancements was the improvement of their roads and canals.