History of Dance in the 1920's
Popular Styles of Dance
Dancing is a physical form of expression that, during this time period, men and woman took part in mainly as an escape from the terror of war. Woman of the 1920's were granted with new rights (19th Amendment) regarding their freedom, and many were left by their husbands participating in war influencing this new type of independent attitude among them. This lead to a less conservative type of dancing carried out by the youth of this decade, as well as a less conservative way of dressing while doing so.
The general public participated in dance marathons, taking place every weekend at local dance clubs where there was live music (The Cotton Club was the most famous dance club). The obvious rule was that you were not to stop dancing for as long as possible. Some clubs had rules where you could tag team with another member but it was uncommon. Prize money was usually involved, and during this time period, very valued.
This energetic dance was introduced to the public through an African American broadway musical called "Running Wild". It it composed of heel kicks, level changes, and knocking of the knees. It is for both solo and couple dancers.
The Lindy Hop is a style of swing dance that was named after Colonel Lindburgh's solo flight across the Atlantic. It is fast paced and there is a lot of "air time" involved. Couples tried to out due one another, swinging their partner into the air along with a jumping sequence. It is often referred to as the "grandfather" of swing.
The Fox Trot
The Fox Trot was considered the easiest of the popular dances during this time with a mixture of quick and slow steps to it. This particular dance was composed of smooth, graceful movements while walking, and eventually evolved into a very famous ballroom dance.