The Jews back In The Days
1. Why was it important for you group to control the city of Jerusalem?
For more than 3,000 years, Jerusalem has played a central role in the history of the Jews, culturally, politically, and spiritually, a role first documented in the Scriptures.The result is that they have turned Jerusalem , literally the City of Peace , into a bloody battleground and have thus forfeited their claim to share in the city's destiny.
2. Think of the political, religious, social, philosophical reasons (could be more than one reason)
The relation between religion and politics continues to be an important theme in political philosophy, despite the emergent consensus (both among political theorists and in practical political contexts, such as the United Nations) on the right to freedom of conscience and on the need for some sort of separation between church and state.
3. What did it do to your group? What were the effects?
Western civilization was born in the Middle East, and the Jews were at its crossroads.
When power shifted eastward, the Jewish center was in Babylon; when it skipped to Spain, there again were the Jews.When in the Middle Ages the center of civilization moved into Central Europe, the Jews were waiting for it in Germany and Poland.
4. How did they view other groups? Equals? Superior to them? Inferior to them?
The Crusades had less to do with the Moslems than with Roman-Byzantine rivalry. The Byzantine model had always been that each bishop, or patriarch, was independent and equal. The Roman model was that the bishop of Rome, the Pope, was supreme. An uneasy alliance kept the Church together until 1064, when the eastern Churches flatly refused to submit to the Pope. This split is called the Great Schism.