Culture project: South America-Mexico
The Catholic Church is the dominant religion in Mexico, with about 82.7% of the population as of 2010. In recent decades the number of Catholics has been declining, due to the growth of other Christian denominations (especially various Protestant churches and Mormonism), which now constitute 9.7% of the population, and non-Christian religions.
Our Lady of Guadalupe, Spanish Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, also called the Virgin of Guadalupe, in Roman Catholicism, the Virgin Mary in her appearance before Juan Diego in a vision in 1531. The name also refers to the Marian apparition itself. Our Lady of Guadalupe holds a special place in the religious life of Mexico and is one of the most popular religious devotions. Her image has played an important role as a national symbol of Mexico.
In 1992, Mexico lifted almost all restrictions on the religions, including granting all religious groups legal status, conceding them limited property, and lifting restrictions on the number of priests in the country.
"Religion in Mexico." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Oct. 2014.
Griffin, Ernst C. "Mexico." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Our Lady of Guadalupe (patron Saint of Mexico)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014.
Several different languages are spoken in Mexico, with a large majority of the population fluent in Spanish while in some remote regions there are Mexicans of indigenous ancenstry that still only speak their native indigenous language. Most Mexicans are monolingual Spanish-speakers.
The government of Mexico recognizes Spanish as its de facto official national language, but in addition also recognizes 68 distinct indigenous Amerindian languages(from seven different families, and other four isolated languages) as officially recognized regional minority languages. According to the Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (CDI) and National Institute of Indigenous Languages (INALI), while 10–14% of the population identifies as belonging to an indigenous group, around 6% actually speak an indigenous language. There are other languages not native to Mexico that are spoken in the country, with the most common being English.
"Languages of Mexico." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Feb. 2014. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
Mexican cuisine is primarily a fusion of indigenous Mesoamerican cooking with European, especially Spanish, elements added after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in the 16th century. The basic staples remain native foods such as corn, beans and chili peppers, but the Europeans introduced a large number of other foods, the most important of which were meat from domesticated animals (beef, pork, chicken, goat and sheep), dairy products (especially cheese) and various herbs and lots of spices.
The main contributions of the Spanish were meat and cheese, as the Mesoamerican diet contained very little meat besidesdomesticated turkey, and dairy products were completely unknown. The Spanish also introduced the technique of frying in pork fat. Today, the main meats found in Mexico are pork, chicken, beef, goat, and sheep. Native seafood remains popular especially along the coasts.Cheesemaking in Mexico has evolved its own specialties. It is an important economic activity, especially in the north, and is frequently done at home. The main cheese making areas are Chihuahua, Oaxaca, Querétaro, and Chiapas. Goat cheese is still made, but it is not as popular and is harder to find in stores.
"Mexican Cuisine." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Oct. 2014. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
More commonly known as football or soccer,is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries, making it the world's most popular sport.The game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal.
The goalkeepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play and then only in their penalty area. Outfield players mostly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use their head or torso to strike the ball instead. The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time and/or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people engage in a contest of strength, speed, reflexes, endurance, and will, by throwing punches at each other, usually with gloved hands. Traditionally, the goal has been to knock the opponent unconscious from a blow to the head.
Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth sport and is a common fixture in most international games—it also has its own World Championships. Boxing is supervised by a referee over a series of one- to three-minute intervals called rounds. The result is decided when an opponent is deemed incapable to continue by a referee, is disqualified for breaking a rule, resigns by throwing in a towel, or is pronounced the winner or loser based on the judges' scorecards at the end of the contest.
"Boxing." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Jan. 2014. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
Charreada is the national sport of Mexico, it dates back to the 16th century and consists of a series of Mexican equestrian events. The most notable event is thecharreada; a style of rodeo developed in Mexico in the interest of maintaining the traditions of the charro. A charro is a term referring to a traditional horseman or acowboy of Mexico, originating in the state of Jalisco.
"Sport in Mexico." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Oct. 2014. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.