Fabric Construction

By: Mariyah Scott


  • Plain weave is the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn. A basket weave is one variation with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarn each pass. Examples are Chiffon , Seersucker , and taffeta. Twill weave is a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under 1 , 2, 3 warp yarns beginning 1 warp yarn back on each new row. Twill weave is used for durability. Examples are denim and gabardine. •Satin weave: A weave that produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats. Examples are sateen and satin. Other weaves
    •Pile weave—corduroy, velvet •Dobby—dotted swiss, pique •Jacquard—brocade, damask •Leno—fabrics with an open, lacy appearance
  • knitting

    Knitting is constructing fabric by looping yarns together. Weft knits are knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops. Examples are jersey, ribbed knits, sweater knits. Warp knits are knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction. Warp knits do not ravel. Examples are tricot, and raschel knits.

    additional ways to construct fabric

  • Nonwoven. Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure. Examples are quilt batting, garment interfacings, felt, artificial suede. Laces and nets. Made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns. Example are lace. Braided fabrics. Created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord. Examples are decorative trims, shoelaces. Bonded fabric. Made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination. Examples are two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self-lining as in skiwear or winter coats. Quilted fabric. A layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching. Examples of use are bedspreads, placemats, and outerwear.
  • ways to finish fabrics

    Applying colors, designs or surface treatments that change the look, feel, or performance of fabrics.Mechanical finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemically. It affects the size and appearance. Examples are glazing, embossing, brushing/napping/cutting (corduroy). Chemical finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reactions with the fibers. Examples are flame retardant, stain resistant (Scotchgard®), waterproof, permanent press, and preshrunk (Sanforized®)

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