By: Mariyah Scott
•Pile weave—corduroy, velvet •Dobby—dotted swiss, pique •Jacquard—brocade, damask •Leno—fabrics with an open, lacy appearance
Knitting is constructing fabric by looping yarns together. Weft knits are knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops. Examples are jersey, ribbed knits, sweater knits. Warp knits are knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction. Warp knits do not ravel. Examples are tricot, and raschel knits.
additional ways to construct fabric
ways to finish fabrics
Applying colors, designs or surface treatments that change the look, feel, or performance of fabrics.Mechanical finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemically. It affects the size and appearance. Examples are glazing, embossing, brushing/napping/cutting (corduroy). Chemical finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reactions with the fibers. Examples are flame retardant, stain resistant (Scotchgard), waterproof, permanent press, and preshrunk (Sanforized)