Death Camps

These are some men at the death camp Treblinka in Poland.

Chelmno was the first death camp set up by the Germans. It was in Poland and operations began on December 8, 1941, it was closed in January of 1945. Hitler and Nazi Germany established three more death camps. They were: Bezlec, established in March 1942  and was operating until December of 1942, in the spring of 1943 they started to cremate the bodies to dispose of the evidence of murder, Sobibor operated from May 1942 to July 1942 and then October 1942-October 1943, and the last camp was Treblinka and that operated from July 1942 to August 1943. When Jews, gypsies, or prisoners of war were brought to any of these extermination camps they were "checked in" and then told they were at a transit camp and they would be transferred soon to another camp. Then they were instructed to go to the showers to be sanitized and cleaned, they never showered. They were stripped down, seperated by men and women and children, then gassed and later cremated. All of these camps stopped their "production" of mass killing to improve the size of the gas chambers to make killing them more effecient by having more people be able to fit in the chambers. Sobibor was shutdown because there was a group of prisoners that organized an underground group to escape by killing the SS guards and taking their weapons. Prisoner of war, Lt. Aleksandr Pechersky was brought to the camp and to the underground group to command the operation. The prisoners conducted this uprising on October 11, 1943, they killed 11 SS guards and 300 prisoners escaped, most of them were chased down and killed. About 50 prisoners survived the war and the rest of the prisoners that did not participate in the uprising were killed.

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