Mongols and Yuan Dynasty
Mongols were originally nomads that would attack other dynasties to gain land to form a new one. The most famous ruler of the Mongols was Genghis Khan "Universal Ruler". He made a strong army to fight battles to gain land for their empire. When Genghis Khan died, the empire was divided into four khanates, or regions. His grandsons Kublai Khan and Hulegu ruled parts of the land. The empire was ruled peacefully , which caused a peace stability across Asia known as the Pax Mongolia, meaning "Mongol Peace".
Click on the link above to learn more about the Mongol Empire and Genghis Khan and why he is so important to this empire.
Watch this video to learn interesting facts about the Mongol Empire and how our world today would be different if they never existed.
Kublai Khan was the famous ruler from the dynasty. He moved the capital from Mongolia to Beijing. He distrusted the Chinese and limited their power in government. Because of the Pax Mongolia, trade increased majorly because it was much safer to travel. This is a major plus because it helped cultural diffusion. The empire started to decline during the last part of Kublai Khan's reign.
This is Marcus Polo, and Italian trader from Venice who traveled with his father to China. When Marco visited the Yuan Empire, Kublai Khan took a liking to him and would send him on many missions in and around China.