Lesson One Geography of South America

A land of world records

South America is home to records breaking land marks. You can paddle down the Amazon river and see piranhas, but watch out when you are bleeding. If you happen to fall in the river the piranhas will suspect that you are a carcass floating in the river and will want to consume you but don't worry about that. You can also see pink river dolphins the only dolphins that live in fresh water, don't forget the Jesus lizard that runs so fast it can walk across water just like Jesus did! The Amazon river stretches a record breaking 4,000 miles! The second longest and the biggest river in the world!

South America it's self is 5,000 miles south to north, and 3,000 miles east to west. South America has more that 15,000 miles of coastline, if you put those 15,000 miles in a straight line it would reach more than 60% around the world! South America has various  number of environments  including: wetlands, deserts, rain forests, mountains and grasslands. There are names  to these environments: The Amazon Rain Forest, The Amazon River, the Pantanal, The Andes Mountains, and  the Altiplano.

As I mentioned before another important thing is the Andes Mountains chain, it stretches  world breaking 4,500 miles. The Andes Mountains are so high that they have snow-capped tops although there is a desert in some places below, wow! Here there is rugged terrain that holds glaciers among it's peaks. At lower elevations, or height of the land above the sea, are steep slopes and many miles of grassy plateaus. People have made the harsh Andes Mountains their home for thousands of years!

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca lies in the Altiplano. Ancient peoples who lived in Lake Titicaca knew the  advantages of life by the lake. One advantage is that many rivers flow into the lake. These rivers provide fresh water and fish. Lake Titicaca has a somewhat mild climate. However nights can be very cold and days quite warm.

Crops & Transportation

The land near Lake Titicaca can support crops such as maize, potatoes, and barley. Barley is grown to provide food for the llamas and alpacas. Lake Titicaca also provides transportation. Reeds grow at the edge of the lake. Ancient peoples wove them to make small boats. Today these boats are called balsas.

Many Landscapes

The land of South America contains many biomes.

Biomes contain distinct climates and types of plants and animals. Each biome is different in its own way, mountains are big rocky climates but tropical rain forests are lush, green, and hot forests.

Andes mountains

The Andes Mountains take up most of the west cost. Tiny streams from the Andes flow together to amke the amazon river.

The Amazon River

The amazon flows about 4,000 miles eastward into the Atlantic ocean. On its way it passes through the Eastern Highlans.

Eastern Highlands

The Eastern highlands are made up of three parts. One of these is called the Guana Highlands.  The Guana Highlands are made up of vast tropical rain forests.

Atacama Desert

Though most of South America is quit different from the tropical rain forests and rivers. Atacama Desert is one of the driest regions on Earth. It is in present day Chile in west central South America.

The Pampas

Central South America is also home to many lush plains. Much of it is low growing vegetation called scrub land. In the south there are the Pampas. Pampas are big vast grassland areas. Even farther south is the dry scrub land of Patagonia.

Fun Fact: The tip of South America is an archipelago which is called Tierra Del Fuego.


This video will help learn the countries in South America.

The People of South America

PLACES                                                     VOCABULARY

Amazon River                                                   wetland

Amazon Rain Forest                                          biome                                                                            Pantanal                                                        scrub land                                                                        Andes Mountains                                        archipelago                                                                      Altiplano                                                                                                                                                   Lake Titicaca

Guiana Highlands


        There are many places where the South American people live, here are some examples, mountains like the Andes Mountains, dense forests like the Amazon Rain Forest, people also live in the Guiana Highlands.

                                    These websites may give you more information.