The Greek Empire
About the Empire
The Greek Empire was composed of different city-states that were often in conflict with each other. They also had point counsels that were composed of the heads of noble families. These point counsels ended up superseding the kings. Eventually, tyrants emerged and took power, but for the most part, the Greek Empire was democratic. There was also an Assembly, Council of 500, and People's Courts in the empire. The empire encompassed the Mediterranean Sea and the lands surrounding it. Throughout all of the Greek land, there was a uniform climate with a similar sequence of seasons. The empire produced coins which made trading with others much easier. Also, the cultural achievements of the empire were dependent on the profits of the empire.
The armies of the empire were mostly made up of farmers who were required to serve in the military. These groups were called hoplites and they were heavily armored infantrymen who fought in close formation. The Spartans were an exception because from a young age, the men were trained to be warriors. The empire sometimes fought against itself and eventually went to war with the Persians. Athens had mastered naval technology which allowed them to win battles against the Persians. The art in the empire took many forms, such as pottery, paintings on vases, theatrical drama, and even philosophical dialogue.
There were social classes in the Greek Empire with the rulers and aristocracy being at the top. An emerging middle-class was made up of craftsmen and merchants and below them were the free peasants. There were also slaves in the empire. Women were not treated as equals to men, even in Sparta where the women had more freedom than those in Athens who were confined and suppressed. The Greeks had an abundance of technology including, but not limited to, an alphabet, trireme ships for naval battle, an acropolis for safety during an emergency, and philosophical teachings. Men typically got an education and Plato founded the Academy so young men could get a higher education as well. The pre-Socratic thinkers of the era also helped to advance the theory that the world was composed of atoms. The religion of the empire encompassed a wide range of cults and beliefs. They were polytheistic and the gods often represented forces in nature. They practiced sacrifice often, even if it was just a cup of wine given to the gods. They also consulted oracles to gain information, often about the future.