Positivism

         By: Alejandra Alonso, Eliza Kolmanovsky, Pradeep Kondaveeti, Nathan Mack

- Positivism is the philosophical system that states that every assumption is logical only if it can be proved scientifically or mathematically.

- Based on this idea, we should be able to observe life and establish valid and reliable information on how it works

- This idea also stresses attention to actual practice rather than what is ideal.

- Thus, this idea does not support other ideas or beliefs such as theism since they lack scientifical or mathematical proof.

Music

Fiction

Compare/Contrast with Christian Worldview

1. What is prime reality—the really real?
Christian:
- God is the ground of all being
Positivism:
- Rejection of Metaphysics
- Left with whatever we can prove through science

2. What is the nature of external reality, that is, the world around us?
Christian:
- Creation is God's self-expression
- Continues to grow till the end of time
Positivism:
- Unknown for now
- Strives to reveal truth of the world through meticulous calculations

4. What happens to a person at death?
Christian:
- We are responsible for our afterlife
- Judgement is passed based on our actions and ability to love
Positivism:
- Nothing after death
- Humans simply decompose

6. How do we know what is right and wrong?
Christian:
- Spiritual dimension includes conscience
- We are drawn to God
- We have free will to accept morality or not
Positivism:

- Irrelevant since it cannot be perfectly proven

Biblical Passage

"Who has measured with his palm the waters, marked off the heavens with a span, held in his fingers the dust of the earth, weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance?"

Isaiah 40:12b | NABRE

Works Cited

             CUNNINGHAM, R. L. "Positivism." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed.

                    Vol. 11. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 542-545. Gale Virtual Reference Library.  

                    Web. 27 Jan. 2015.  

             Jakobsen, Tor G. "Theory of Science – What Is Positivism?" POPULAR   

                    SOCIAL SCIENCE. N.p., 14 Feb. 2013. Web. 26 Jan. 2015.   

            "Positivism". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

                    Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

                     <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/471865/positivism>.

            "Positivism." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. Ed. Shirelle Phelps     

                    and Jeffrey Lehman. 2nd ed. Vol. 8. Detroit: Gale, 2005. 37. Gale    

                    Virtual Reference Library. Web. 27 Jan. 2015.

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