In 1960, Nigeria gained it's independence from Britain.

This war was fought to counter the secession of Biafra from Nigeria.

6 years later, the Muslim Hausas, who are located in the Northern part of Nigeria began killing christian Igbos who are also located in the Northern Region. (This was called the 1966 anti-Igbo.)

In this period at least 10,000 Nigerians were massacred!


-This then prompted the igbos to go east (where their people were the dominant group)

-The igbos doubted Nigerians oppressive military would allow them to survive so on May 30th, non-igbo representative of the republic of Biaffra Ojukwu, compromised several states of Nigeria.

-After diplomatic efforts, Nigeria failed to reunite the country a war between Nigeria and Biafra broke up out in 1967.

-Nigeria's superior military strength gradually reduces Biafrans territory

-The states oil field went down (main source of revenue) and with out funds to import food millian civilians died as a result of malnutrition

-On January 11, 1970 Nigerian forces captured the provincial Owem, one of the last Biafran strongholds and Ojukwu was forced to flee ivory coast

-4 days later Biafra surrender to Nigeria


Around 3 million people have died due to the war, from battle, disease, and starvation.

Laws were passed saying that political parties could not be ethnically or tribal based; however, it was hard to make this work in practice.

Economic Effects

The countries economy was hurt because of all the destruction. Their economy was not strong enough to begin with, so reconstruction was a very slow process. All of the oil companies in Nigeria started to fail because the prices got so high no one could afford them.

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