Writing Portfolio

9th Grade English
Ikaika Cruz

Expository Essay

The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, killing an estimated 75 to 200 million people and peaking in Europe.

The Black Death is thought to have originated in the arid plains of central Asia, where it then traveled along the Silk Road, reaching the Crimera. From there, it was most likely carried by fleas living on rats that were regular passengers on trading throughout the Mediterranean and Europe. The plague disease, generally thought to be caused by Yersinia Pestis, a bacteria commonly present in populations of fleas, are by ground rodents in various areas including Central Asia, Kurdistan, Western Asia, Northern India and Uganda. Common symptoms included Acral Gangrene, which causes the skin and flesh die, and buboes ( the swelling of lymph glads).

Figures for the death toll vary widely by area and from source to source as new research and discoveries come to light. It killed an estimated 75 to 200 million people in the 14th century, about 1/4 of the world population. The plague repeatedly returned to haunt Europe and the Mediterranean until 17th century.

he aftermath of the plague created a series of religious, social, and economic upheavals, which had profound effects on the course of European history. It took 150 years for Europe's population to recover. The plague reoccurred occasionally in Europe until the 19th century. Renewed religious fervor and fanaticism bloomed in the wake of the Black Death. Some Europeans targeted "various groups such as Jews, friars, foreigners, beggars, pilgrims", thinking that they were to blame for the crisis. Lepers, and other individuals with skin diseases such as acne or psoriasis, were singled out and exterminated throughout Europe.

Even though he bubonic plague took a terrible toll on humanity, we some how found the will to fight on to survive this terrible disease.

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