The space race
Who: the u.s.a and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union won the race to space.
When: about 1950
Why: rocket research would increase military power. The US and the Soviet Union wanted to see who had greater technology.
What: the arms race was getting stronger as research in space took place. They both got people and satellites in to space but nobody went to the moon so the president of the us wanted to be the first one there.