Text Book Pg. 640-643

TB pg. 640

- Metaphors: describe one thing as if it were something else.
- Personification: gives human qualities to something non-human.
-Similes: use like or as to compare two unlike things.
- Alliteration: is the repetition of constant sounds at the beginning of words.
- Repetition: is the repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase.
- Assonance: is the re-run of vowel sounds in stressed syllables ending with different consonant sounds, as in fade and hay
- Consonance: is the repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds, as in end and hand
- Onomatopoeia: is the use of words that imitate sounds, like Pow!

- Rhyme: is the repetition of sounds at the end of words-thin skin.

- Rhythm: is the pattern of strong and weak beats, as wells as pauses, in a poem. Rhythm in music and in poetry are similiar.

TB pg. 641

- Lines: helps poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many individual parts.
- Stanzas: are the arrangement of groups of lines to create an appearance on the page or to organize thoughts.
- Meter: is the rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables.
- Rhyme Scheme: is the pattern of rhyme in a poem. It is written in letters; aabb is a stanza whose first two letters and last two letters rhyme.

TB pg. 642

- Lyric Poetry: expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in a very musical verse.
- Sonnets: are fourteen-line poems with a formal tone that follows a specific rhyme scheme.
- Odes: are poems with a formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating or honoring, a person, object, or idea.
- Elegies: are formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, senous themes.
- Narrative Poetry: tells a story in a verse. Narrative poems have elements like those in a short story.
- Epics: are long narrative poems that tell an exciting or inspiring story, usually about a hero.
- Ballads: are song like poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure, tragedy, or romance.
- Free Verse Poetry: is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, no intentional rhyme, no fixed line length, or specifics stanza pattern.
- Limericks: are numerous five line poems with a specific rhythmic pattern and a aabba rhyme scheme.
- Concrete Poem: in a concrete poem the words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topic or ideas in the poem.
- Haikus: are short, up rhymed poems, often about nature.