Islamic states

EQ: How did Islam effect the Islamic states?

              Ottomans - Turkey

  • The empire was a typical European multi-cultural empire created based on its own interests.
  • The empire existed between 1300s to the early 1900s.
  • The basis of laws,government, society were all in the part of creation of Islamic laws and ideas.

Political

  • The ottoman were first lead by a ghazi called Osman. A ghazi is a soldier of faith.
  • The government were special, it unlike the normal government separate from the religion.The government type was kind of like a complex religious bureaucracy .
  • Based on the ottomans feelings,the Islam played a major role in the government.Maintain the Islamic laws’ duty was assigned to a caliph.

Culture

  • The Islam empire mixed with different types of people include Orthodox Christians, Jews, and Catholics with Muslims.
  • There wasn’t any people forced to follow the Muslim’s law according to the history record.
  • Islam people created a system called millet system which allow different religion to create its own nation.

Social norms

  • Muslims can’t change their religion until their death.
  • People either have to choose their religion by themselves or the practices will force them to join religions,the practice was called devsirme.
  • The workers for the state were major Muslims people.

Economy

  • Due to Islam and geography benefits, the city called Istanbul,which was a trade center from West to East.
  • The Islam states were responsible for the trade rights.Tax were required on almost every transaction they made.
  • People are not paying the same amount of Tax ,usually it’s between 10%-20%,Muslim’s taxation was paid with tithes related to religion practices,people are not Muslims paid a poll tax based on people’s votes.

Critical thinking question:

What was the significance of the millet system and how did it effect the ottoman's whole empire?

Safavids

  • The Empire lasted from 1501-1722
  • Its modern area is what we see as Iran today.

Political

  • The government type of this Empire is theocracy.
  • The Shi’a soldiers were the ones that strengthened the empire.
  • The government’s power was distributed to both political and religion’s power.

Culture

  • Other religions except Islam were not allowed in the Empire.
  • It became a center of art,architecture,poetry,philosophy, because of the Islamic empire’s effect.
  • During the period,the artworks have reached another high level.

Economy

  • They had good economy based on its well geography location on the trading route.
  • Having trade Between Europe,Asia and India made them became rich.

Social norms

  • Women were not equal to Men
  • Those Women in the empire usually doesn’t have much respect and power.
  • The early Safavid is different with other Islamic states.

Formative Assessment

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Mughals - India

  • Most of the India and Pakistan were ruled by the Mughal Empire.
  • It spread Muslim arts and culture in South Asia.

Culture

  • Many citizen converted to Islam and adopted the Islamic architecture , art and lifestyle. Lots of Islamic mosque (Islam Temple) was built.
  • Persian culture and art was able to spread with the spread of Islam, which was a huge influence on the Mughal Empire.
  • Urdu(Indian Writing System) was created by combining Arab and the local language.

Political

  • The last great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb enforced Islamic law (Sharia law) over his empire.
  • The last decades of the seventeenth century Mughal empire under Aurangzeb took over the Hindu kingdoms in central India, because his believe in Islam religion.

Economy

  • Promoted trade with other Islamic countries from Persia to Europe since they have the common religion
  • Extra tax was imposed on the non-Muslim believers. It was later removed by Abu Akbar to gain popularity among his people.

Social norms

  • Because Mughal was created with many different religions such as Islam, Hinduism,etc. , it allowed religious freedom in India. People with not be treated differently because of their religion.
  • Religion tolerance was later ended by Aurangzeb, the last emperor of Mughal, because his extreme royality to Muslim religion.

Delhi Sultanates - India

  • After Mamluks beat the Rajput kings of India,then they took over nothern India.

Culture

  • Many Hindu Temple was destroyed by the sultan people, because the sultan believe in Islam instead of Hindu.
  • It converted many Hindu believers to Islam.

Political

  • Many Hindu Temple was destroyed by the sultan people, because the sultan believe in Islam instead of Hindu.
  • It converted many Hindu believers to Islam.

Social norms

  • There was not much religious tolerance, due to the fact the sultans kings are Muslim.
  • The Muslim had more power than other religions.

Economy

  • People need to pay tax in order to rebuild a Hindu temple instead a mosque.
  • The saltans looted near by Hindu cities for money.


EQ: How did Islam effect the Islamic states?



MLA Citations:

N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.

"Islam and the Ottoman Empire." Lost Islamic History. N.p., 20 Nov. 2012. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.

"The Economy in the Ottoman Empire." The Economy in the Ottoman Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.

"Artistic Licenses." The Crayon 1.17 (1855): 257-58. Web.

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.

"The Sultanate Of Delhi 711-152 A D." The Sultanate Of Delhi 711-152 A D. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2014.

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                                                                                                                  by:Qiyang Liao

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