Mr. Menna History 2P7

My topic is women in the 1900s.

In 1900 to 1910 fifteen percent of young youth ages fourteen and up were a part of the labor forces. Women worked directly as seamstresses and teachers. Quebec cut off work hours for women and textile workers from sixty to fifty eight hours per week.

In 1911 to 1920 some women worked as maids,nurses,or teachers.Women went to work at munition factories as the men left for war, the women' pay was a better pay than many opportunities available to women, but still earned less than their male co-workers.Women also joined the war by serving as drivers and nurses.

In 1921 to 1930 17.7 % of fourteen years and older were in the labor force and the office. Alberta was the first to have public health nurses, municipal hospitals and free dental care for children. Canada's Olympic team includes women for the first time.

In 1931 to 1940 Saskatchewan labor activists manages two newspapers and fight for the right for working-class women. Dr. Elizabeth Bagshaw open Canada's first family planning clinic, which was illegal at the time. In 1932 she was the medical director of Canada's first birth control clinic. She retired at the age of 95 in 1976 and was the oldest practicing physician in Canada at the time.

In 1941 to 1950 Chinese, Japanese, and blacks are legally allowed to vote federally. Restrictions on Chinese women entering Canada were dying down. Eileen Tallman organized the first Canadian bank strike. Madelaine Parvent founding member of the (NAC) on the status of women representing Quebec for eight years.

In 1951 to 1960 women from Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and other Caribbean nations were recruited as domestics and granted landed immigrants status.

In 1961 to 1970 39.9% of women aged 15 years and older, were part of the labor force. Annual earnings of women working full-time represented only 59.7% of those of men. Women's shelters were formed for domestic violence. 

In 1971 to 1980 Quebec finally allows women jurors after eight Quebec women jailed earlier in the year for protesting all-male jury law. In 1972, Rosemary Brown was the first black women to be elected to political office in Canada. In 1974, the RCMP hired its first women. In 1980 a 1957 rule disallowing women fishers working with their husbands from receiving UI benefits was overturned. 

In 1982 Canadian Constitution Act declares Aboriginal and Treaty Rights are guaranteed equally to men and women.Sharon Wood was the first Canadian women to reach the summit of Mount Everest. She is not only a mountaineer, but also a mother and a mentor.Bertha Wilson was the first women Justice of Supreme Court of Canada in 1982. In the 1990's 52.6% of women aged 15 years and older were  part of the labor forces.

In 1991 to 2000 Rita Margaret Johnson was the first women in Canada to serve as a premiere of a province after she succeeds.She was born on April 22, 1935 and is a former politician in British Columbia.She first entered politics as a city councillor in Surrey. She had previously served under Vander Zalm when she was a councilor and he was the mayor of Surrey. She resigned as leader of the Social Credit Party on January 11, 1992, and was replaced by  Grace McCarthy.

The healthcare field is 75% female, but women are vastly over-represented in support roles such as dental hygienists (95% female) and nurses (91% female) and roles such as dentists (26% female) and physicians and surgeons (32.3% female). If we look more generally at professional occupations, we find community and social services taken authority by women (64% female) but computer/math professions and architecture and engineering overwhelmingly dominated by men (27% and 13%). Women earn less than do men, at all levels of education, from 91% of what men do teaching elementary school to only 77% of what men earn at a post secondary level.

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