Before reading

1. consider what they already know about the topic, and

2. use text features (e.g., headings and illustrations) to get a sense of what they will read.

Questions to ask before reading

  • What is the title of the book?
  • What does the cover tell you about the book?
  • What do you think the book is about?
  • What are you curious to find out about this book?
  • What do you already know about this book?
  • What do you want to learn?
  • Why are you reading this book?

While reading

1. monitor their reading,

2. use “fix-up” strategies to repair meaning when comprehension problems occur,

3. use context clues to help them figure out the meanings of unknown vocabulary and concepts,

4. identify the main idea, and

5. use their knowledge of text structure to help them understand what they are reading.

Questions to ask during reading

  • What do you think will happen next?
  • What is the problem in the book?
  • Why do you think the character did that?
  • When you were reading this part, what were you picturing in your head?

After reading

1. mentally summarize what they have read,

2. reflect on content, and

3. draw inferences to help them make connections to themselves, the world and other texts.

Questions to ask after reading

  • Describe the setting of the story.
  • Describe how a character changed throughout the book.
  • Which of the characters did you like best? Why?
  • What were some of the problems or situations the characters encountered?
  • Tell about a part that you liked or disliked and tell why?