Time Line

December 6, 1865

13th Amendment - Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude

July 9, 1868

14th Amendment - Reintegrating the southern states after the civil war and defining some of the rights of recently freed slaves.

February 3, 1870

15th Amendment - Prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizens the right to vote  

August 18, 1920

19th Amendment - Gave all Americans women the right to vote  

January 23, 1933

20th Amendment - Moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president

December 5, 1933

21st Amendment - Mandated nationwide Prohibition on Alcohol

24th

26

July 29, 1948

Desegregation of the Armed Forces - President Truman states in a press conference that the intent of Executive order 9981 is to end segregation in the armed forces.

December 5, 1955-1956

Dr. King and the Montgomery Bus Boycott - The Montgomery Bus Boycott, in which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating took place from December 5, 1955, to December 20,1956, and is regarded as the first large scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. On December 1, 1955, four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks refused to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined. The boycott of public buses by blacks in Montgomery began on the day of Parks court hearing and lasted 381 days. A young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr (1929-68), emerged as a prominent national leader of the American civil rights movement in the wake of the action.

September 9, 1957

Civil Rights Act - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957. The Act marked the first occasion since Reconstruction that the federal government undertook significant legislative action to protect civil rights.  

1961

Freedom Riders - Where civil rights activist who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States

August 28, 1963

March On Washington D.C. - More than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington D.C. for the political rally known as the March on Washington for jobs and freedom

January of 1964

Head Start - President Lyndon B. Johnson declared the war on poverty in his sate of the union speech. Shortly thereafter, Sergeant Shriver took the lead in assembling a panel of experts to develop a comprehensive child development program that would help communities meet the needs of disadvantaged preschool children.

July 2, 1964

Civil Rights of 64 - Prohibited discrimination is public places, provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities, and made employment discrimination illegal. This document  was the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.

1964-1965

Great Society - Term for the domestic policies of President Lyndon Johnson In his first state of the union messages, he called for a war and the creation of a "Great Society". A prosperous nation that had overcome racial divisions.

May 26 1965

Voting Rights of 65 - The act banned the use of literacy test, provided for federal oversight of voter registration in areas where less than 50 percent of the nonwhite population had not registered to vote, and authorized the U.S attorney general to investigate the use of poll taxes in state and local elections.

1965

Upward Bound - Provides fundamental support to participants in their preparation for college entrance. The program provides opportunities for participants to succeed in their precollege performance and ultimately in their higher education pursuits.

April 1, 1968

FHA - Popularly known as the fair housing act prohibited discrimination concerning the sale rental and fnancing of housing based on race, religious, national origin and sex.

June 23, 1972

Tittle IX - The President signed Tittle IX of the Education Amendments into law. Tittle IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity  

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