Malaria is cause by blood parasites. It comes from being bitten by infected mosquitoes. This can be transferred from person to person as well. The female Anopheles mosquito is the only on that transmits this disease. This mosquito usually bites between the hours of 9 pm and 5 am. There are more than 100 species of malaria parasites, the most common in Africa is the Plasmodium falciparum. Once this parasite enters the body, it gets itself into the liver where it multiplies approximately 10,000 times. About two weeks after the parasite enters the body, it burts into the blood stream where it begins infecting the red blood cells.
-85% of malaria deaths occur in children under 5 years of age.
-Every 30 seconds a child dies from malaria.
-People living with HIV/AIDS have a higher chance of getting malaria than those who are not.
-The symptoms begin 10 days to 4 weeks after infection but you can feel ill as early as 7 days after.
-Include fever, headache chills, sweats, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting.
Malaria is treated by medication. It all depends on the severity of the case, your age, the type of parasite, and if you are pregnant.
-The most common antimalarial drugs are:
- Chloroquine (Aralen)
- Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin)
- Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
- Combination of atovaquone and proguanil (Malarone)