Essential Characteristics of the American Revolution
Essential characteristics of the American revolution are the Declaration of Independence, the constitution and the Treaty Of Versailles. The Declaration of independence made the fact that they were fighting for a new nation official. The Constitution set the rights that all citizens have known as the Bill of Rights which were. The Treaty of Versailles concluded the American Revolution.
Causes and Effects of the American Revolution
Causes for the American Revolution were taxation without representation, limits on export and import, and forced to house british soldiers. This angered the colonists and they started riots which led to the Boston massacre and the Boston Tea Party.
Effects of the American Revolution were the declaration of independence, the constitution, and eventually complete freedom from England.
Enlightenment in the American Revolution
The enlightenment was a cultural and a philosophical movement that grew new methods of thought. The basic influence of enlightenment was the superiority of reason. In this reason enlightenment thinkers were able to challenge the traditional thinkings of the Church, which in that time had all power and control. Enlightenment thinkers also contested the divine rights of Kings.
Also enlightenment writings inspired the American Revolution. Many people considered the enlightenment period as a liberation to the human mind. Enlightenment affected the American Revolution greatly by bringing these new ideas of thought about. Already at the time colonists were upset about the lack of representation they were getting in the British parliament and all of the expensive and constant taxing. All of this pent up tension had to result into something, and it did.
Slowly Colonists started break free from British rule. The colonists started to respond with protests, mob actions, boycotts, non importation, and published pieces that asserted their natural rights to self- government. That last idea would have never been brought up if it wasn't for the enlightenment period. The enlightenment period brought forth these new ways of thinking and therefore brought up the idea of freedom in the Americas. With Enlightenment brought forth principles of equality and natural rights. These principles are the very reason we are an independent country and the reason why we created the most important document in United States history, the Declaration of Independence. Enlightenment flipped the power of Britain from all controlling to not in control basically flipping the social class of the colonies. It also has served as an inspiration to other people's around the world trying to secure their rights through the mechanism of self-government. Events like the Boston Tea Party were caused because of enlightenment. Colonists were trying to find a way to show their dislike of the way Britain ruled over them and the way they taxed them. Also another example is the book Common Sense written by Thomas Paine.
This book is basically the guide to the American Revolution. It advocated a complete overthrow of British authority in North America. Even at that time the colonists were making great strides toward establishing means to rule over themselves. The first Continental Congress met in September of 1774 becoming the first colonial-wide governing body and the second Continental congress met in May of 1775 which took even greater steps advancing the cause of independence. All of this build up toward the Revolution wouldn't have happened if it wasn't for enlightenment.
Also another example is the book Common Sense written by Thomas Paine.This book is basically the guide to the American Revolution. It advocated a complete overthrow of British authority in North America. Even at that time the colonists were making great strides toward establishing means to rule over themselves. The first Continental Congress met in September of 1774 becoming the first colonial-wide governing body and the second Continental congress met in May of 1775 which took even greater steps advancing the cause of independence. All of this build up toward the Revolution wouldn't have happened if it wasn't for enlightenment.
Important People in the American Revolution
A prominent Boston lawyer who first became famous for defending the British soldiers accused of murdering five civilians in the Boston Massacre. Adams was a delegate from Massachusetts in the Continental Congresses, where he rejected proposals for reconciliation with Britain. He served as vice president to George Washington and was president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.
Second cousin to John Adams and a political activist. Adams was a failed Bostonian businessman who became an activist in the years leading up to the Revolutionary War. He organized the first Committee of Correspondence of Boston, which communicated with other similar organizations across the colonies, and was a delegate to both Continental Congresses in 1774 and 1775.
A Philadelphia printer, inventor, and patriot. Franklin drew the famous “Join or Die” political cartoon for the Albany Congress. He was also a delegate for the Second Continental Congress and a member of the committee responsible for helping to draft the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
King George III
King of Great Britain during the American Revolution. George III inherited the throne at the age of twelve. He ruled Britain throughout the Seven Years’ War, the French and Indian War, the American Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812. After the conclusion of the French and Indian War, his popularity declined in the American colonies. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson vilifies George III and argues that his neglect and misuse of the American colonies justified their revolution.
A radical colonist famous for his “Give me liberty or give me death” speech. Henry openly advocated rebellion against the Crown in the years prior to the Revolutionary War.
Virginian planter and lawyer who eventually became president of the United States. Jefferson was invaluable to the revolutionary cause. In 1776, he drafted the Declaration of Independence, which justified American independence from Britain. Later, he served as the first secretary of state under President George Washington and as vice president to John Adams. Jefferson then was elected president himself in 1800 and 1804.
A radical philosopher who strongly supported republicanism and civic virtue. Paine’s 1776 pamphlet Common Sense was a bestselling phenomenon in the American colonies and convinced thousands to rebel against the “royal brute,” King George III. When subsequent radical writings of Paine’s, which supported republicanism and condemned monarchy, were published in Britain, Paine was tried in absentia, found guilty of seditious libel, and declared an outlaw in England.
A Virginia planter and militia officer who eventually became the first president of the United States. Washington participated in the first engagement of the French and Indian War in 1754 and later became commander in chief of the American forces during the Revolutionary War. In 1789, he became president of the United States. Although Washington actually lost most of the military battles he fought, his leadership skills were unparalleled and were integral to the creation of the United States.
Here is a video on Enlightenment and the American Revolution
Here is a Kahoot quiz on the American Revolution
"Causes of the American Revolutionary War." ***. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.
"American Revolution." Abc-Clio. N.p., n.d. Web. <http%3A%2F%2Famericanhistory.abc-clio.com%2FSearch%2FDisplay%2F263186%3Fterms%3DAmerican%2BRevolution>."
Enlightenment." Abc-clio. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Famericanhistory.abc-clio.com%2FSearch%2FDisplay%2F263186%3Fterms%3DEnlightenment>.