Welcome to Greece
Join me as we take a tour around the countless breathtaking destinations around the country of Greece.
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, has a population of roughly 11 million. The earliest known human presence in Greece dates back to 270,000 BC. The official language is Greek, and the Euro is used as currency. Greece has a Constitutional Republic, Parliamentary System of government.
Our first destination is the city of Athens, which is the nation's capital and largest city. The city is known for its beautiful and unique architecture, and is one of the oldest cities in the world; it has been continuously inhabited for over 7,000 years. Athens has a population to around 3 million people. It is known as a "Center for the Arts, Learning, and Philosophy" and "the Cradle of Western Civilization and the Birthplace of Democracy", due to cultural and political achievements. It is the world's 39th richest city and the 77th most expensive city. Due to its location, Athens is also one of the biggest economic centers in Europe, and has the largest passenger port in Europe.
Other Popular Cities
A few other cities that are very popular (and populous) in Greece include Olympia, Delphi, Santorini, and Rhodes. Olympia and Delphi are known for their temples, mythological sanctuaries, and museums/archaeological sites. Santorini and Rhodes, in contrast, are known for beaches, windsurfing and sailing, and honeymoon destinations. (Photographs are in order of Olympia, Delphi, Santorini, and Rhodes)
Regions in Greece
Greece is located in Southeastern Europe, and consists of nine regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands, Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands.
Area (Square Miles)
Greece has an area of 50,949 square miles, or roughly 131,957 square kilometer.
Greece is uniquely located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. It shares borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. Because of its location, it has become a sort of melting pot for European, Asian, and African cultures.
Geographic Features and Climate
Due to silty, sandy soil, not many agricultural resources can be grown; only 30% of the total land area can support crops. However, Greece's main crops include wheat, followed by corn, cotton, figs, olives, and peaches. Greece is also the world's leading producer of olive oil and raisins. However because of the dry soil, limestone and mineral deposits are quite prominent throughout the country, including marble, clay, nickel, coal, bauxite, ore, and chromate. Greece also has one major petroleum deposit in the Aegean Sea.
Greece's geographic features consist of a mountainous, peninsular mainland that extends into the sea at the southern end of the Balkans. Greece also has the 11th longest coastline in the world with 8,498 miles. Greece also features between 1,200 and 6,000 islands (depending on the definition), of which only 227 are inhabited. Greece is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe, due to it having eighty percent of the country consists of mountains or hills. Greece also includes the highest peak in the country, Mytikas peak on Mount Olympus, reaching a height of 9,570 feet. Because of 80% of the country being mountainous, a lot of the population has to live in the 20-30% that is not mountainous.
Greece's climate features mild, wet winters, and hot, dry summers, which has been dubbed "Mediterranean Weather". The mountain ranges strongly affect the climate, which is why the western regions of the country are "considerably wetter on average (due to greater exposure to south-westerly systems bringing in moisture) than areas lying to the east of the range (due to a rain shadow effect)." Besides the large amounts of rain the Western regions receive, the climate in Greece is quite favorable and both Grecians and tourists alike.
Important Natural Resources
If a tsunami were to hit Southeast Asia, Greece would not have the ability to help much. As a member of the EU and NATO, Greece would try to send aid to the countries in aid, but Greece can barely support itself, let alone support another country. Because of policies making it more affordable for individuals to retain Medical Aid, Social Security, and lower school costs, Greece's government has had a great decrease in finances, and has put the country in serious debt. Greece is relying on aid from other surrounding countries and allies for financial support, so the country is not in a place to be able to help other countries in need.