Date of Construction: A.D. 118 and 125
Built by: Emperor Hadrian, architect is unknown
Materials used: Ancient concrete and unstable blue clay with interior marble veneer added later on.
Special architectural features: The structure of the Pantheon is a series of intersecting arches with eight piers that support it. The dome is supported by a series of arches that are built horizontally round. The arches help sustain the weight of the building and prevent the dome from collapsing.
"M. AGRIPPA.L.F.COSTERTIUM.FECIT” “Marcus Agrippa son of Lucius, having been consul three times made it”.
This inscription, located directly above the building, reads the original dedication by Marcus Agrippa in Latin.
Why was it built: The Roman Pantheon is the most preserved and influential building in ancient Rome. The building was built to replace Augustus’ friend and commander Marcus Agrippa’s Pantheon of 27 B.C. that burned to the ground in 80 A.D.
What is it used for: In continuous use since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a Roman catholic church, known as “Santa Maria Rotonda". The building was originally dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome.
Why is it important to Roman Culture: The Pantheon was an important turning point in the history of western architecture. It was the start of lavish buildings and decorative interior. The Romans used this building as a temple for all the gods.
Influences on Modern Buildings: The structure of the Pantheon is influenced to many fraternity houses. The triangle like structure and columns are common among the entrance of these large buildings. The idea of a sorority or fraternity originated through Greek culture and ideas. This may be why the Pantheon is an influential part of the architecture associated with Greek Life.