1: Causes of WW1: The 4 causes of WW1 were militarism, imperialism, nationalism, and alliances (MAIN). Nationalism impacted the world because countries began to feel overly patriotic and passionate about themselves, creating fierce competition with the other nations. Imperialism caused countries to fight over existing colonies, forcing war/battle to spread to more continents such as Asia and Africa; militarism forced all nations throughout Europe to be on edge as battles could break out and armies could be called upon at any point in time. And finally, alliances created direct barriers throughout Europe (literally and figuratively).
1. Causes of WW1
2. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand: This event leading up to WW1 was definitely very influential and is arguably one of the direct stepping stones into the war. When Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were murdered by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, it caused tensions to worsen between Serbia and Austria-Hungary. This event impacted alliances and caused more countries to become involved as Serbia called Russia, and Austria-Hungary involved Germany. As this "shot was heard around the world," the world would never be the same.
2. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
3. Schlieffen Plan The failure of the German's Schlieffen Plan definitely impacted their war efforts negatively; as a whole, the Schlieffen Plan changed the course of WWI. This event led to Germany having to fight a war on two fronts, which dragged out the war tremendously. Moreover, it caused Britain to join the war and other countries to become enraged because of Germany's despicable invasion of neutral Belgium.
3. Schlieffen Plan
4. Battle of the Marne River This long battle affected war on the Western Front greatly. The Allies surprisingly defeated Germany, and it officially caused the Schlieffen Plan to fail and allowed Russia to invade Germany. In addition to having an extremely large amount of casualties, it terminated the possibility of war on the Western Front subsiding.
4. Battle of the Marne River
5. Battle of the Somme This battle ended with one of the largest number of casualties in history for a single battle; in the end, the battle was fought for about 9 miles for over 1.5 million deaths. Battle of the Somme impacted WWI because it angered many nations who felt it was unnecessary and most definitely not worth it. Again, the Germans were on the receiving end of a lot of negative feelings and opinions from opposing countries.
5. Battle of the Somme
6. Battle of Verdun The Battle of Verdun definitely impacted the future of the Germans in WWI. Instead of benefitting them and being a quick victory over the French, they lost many soldiers and wasted huge amounts of resources. The battle allowed the French to feel patriotic and strong, the complete opposite of what the French had intended.
7. New Weapons During WWI, it was a time of innovation on the war front; the new weaponry transformed battlefields which caused this war to have more casualties than ever anticipated. With tanks, poisonous gas, submarines, and machine guns, armies were capable of inflicting much more pain and damage with much less effort than in the past. This new warfare caused WWI to be extremely deadly and detrimental to nations (more deaths and damage to land).
7. New Weapons of WW
8. Trench Warfare When trench warfare became introduced in WWI, its effect was truly negative. Trench warfare caused disease and death among soldiers because of the horrific conditions. It also made the war especially long and deadly. This method of warfare caused many more casualties for unimportant victories.
8. Trench Warfare
9. Treaty of Brest-Litvosk This treaty was signed between Russia and Germany. When this occurred, Russia withdrew from the war and changed everything. As this happened, Germans again tried to defeat France, but the Germans were defeated. The Treaty of Brest-Litvosk led to the end of the war.
9. Treaty of Brest-Litvosk
10. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Unrestricted submarine warfare was a very large contributor to America joining the war. This German policy was ruthless as well. It also intensified relations between the United States and Germany and led to the Zimmerman letter.
10. Unrestricted Submarine Warfar
11. Total War WWI definitely became a total war. Countries stood behind their country, sacrificing everything for the war. People at home sacrificed food for the soldiers, and governments controlled the economy. This impacted employment because everyone was needed to work, and this also impacted the future of war because the people began to stand by their soldiers.
11. Total War
12. Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles had major effects. This specific treated created the League of Nations; however, the Treaty of Versailles created immense hostility among countries instead of creating peace (WWII). This treaty was also all about Germany and punishing the once strong country.