The Rise of the Feudal States

Alexis Colvard & Sarah Wylie

Essential Question: What were the impacts of the feudal states on European society?

Barbarian Invasion

-There were many different tribes involved with the making up of the Barbarians

-The Goths lured the Roman empire into battle and defeated them; killing Emperor Decius.  After this, the barbarians tried to defeat the Romans in another battle, under the leadership of Emperor Claudius I, and lost.  

-Eventually the Roman emperor, Constantine, made a treaty with the Goths that agreed to allow them to be confederates of them empire as long as they agreed to help protect the empire also.

-It was hard for the Barbarians to manage the finances and military.  This was bringing a challenge to protecting the Roman Empire and impending it's fall.

Why the Feudal States Emerged

-The feudal states came together because of a need of social, financial, and constitutional organization following the fall of the Roman Empire

-The beginnings of feudalism are mostly recognized as the rules of the Germanic and Roman law.

-Invasions from the north and east kept happening; this made the states nervous. New arrangements of security and governance were created to protect crops, animals, and people.

The Franks

_The Franks were a Germinic tribe on the Western Roman empire.  It is modern-day France, Belgium, and western Germany.  They established the most mighty Christian kingdom of that time period.

-The Franks were split into three groups; the Salians, Ripaurians, and the Chatti or Hessians. These three divisions were similar in language and practice, but were individual in politics.

-In the end, the Franks combined with a group in Germany, who's name lived on as Franconia.  This expanded their area to not only along the Rhine River but also the Main River.

Charlemagne and Carolingian Empire

-Charlemagne become the main leader of Carolingian territories following the death of his brother.  In the next 40 years, he made it his mission to expand his stature to Central and Western Europe and also Rome.

-In 772, he invaded Saxony.  Charlemagne eventually accomplished his vision to convert these places to Christianity.

-In 773, he invaded Italy with a big army behind him. The Lombard (on his side) was forced to surrender, including his family and treasures.

Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor

-On December 25, Christmas of 800, the pope unexpectedly placed a crown on Charlemagne's head and the placing of the crown named him Holy Emperor.

-The pope crowned him to manifest Rome's independence away from the Greek empire.

-Charles became ruler of the French Kingdom in 768 and made it mandatory for the German tribes to be under his authority. He dictated them to be baptized and become Christians.

-Charlemagne continued to rule in the honor of protecting the church.  He was considered one the the best emperors from the eighteenth to the nineteenth centuries.

-Some of his many accomplishments were reinstating education, upgraded law, and helped the church.

Quiz: Socrative
Room Number: 3ae214ee

Critical Think Question: Why did the feudal states emerge?

Essential Question: What were the impacts of the feudal states on European society?

Works Cited

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"Charlemagne Crowned as Holy Roman Emperor." Christianity.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"Early Dark Ages III, 755 - 840." Early Dark Ages III, 755 - 840. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"Frank (people)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"Merovich, Marcomir, Clodomir, Merovingians, Early Croatian Rulers & Coats Of Arms." Merovich, Marcomir, Clodomir, Merovingians, Early Croatian Rulers & Coats Of Arms. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"The Economic History of the Western Roman Empire: The Invasion of the Western Roman Empire by Barbarian Tribes." The Economic History of the Western Roman Empire: The Invasion of the Western Roman Empire by Barbarian Tribes. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"8 Reasons Why Rome Fell." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 14 Jan. 2014. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

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