the main campus located in Lawrence on Mount Oread, the highest location in Lawrence
The University was opened in 1866, under a charter granted by the Kansas Legislature in 1864.
Enrollment at the Lawrence and Edwards campuses was 24,435 students in fall 2013; an additional 3,349 students were enrolled at the KU Medical Center for a total enrollment of 27,784 students across the three campuses. The university overall employed 2,663 faculty members in fall 2012.
The 2014 U.S. News & World Report rankings listed KU as 101st in the category "national universities" and 47th among public universities. The U.S. News & World Report "Americas Best Graduate Schools" rankings have ranked 49 KU programs since 2008, 35 of which are ranked in the top 40 among public university programs. Two of those programs, city management & urban policy and special education, are ranked number one among public university programs.