Fibers are usually twisted together and spun into yarns.
Yarns are either woven or knitted to form fabric.
Color is added by dyeing or printing to enhance the fabric’s appeal.
A finish is applied to make the fabric suitable for its end use and to improve its appearance.
Plain weave: The simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn.
A basket weave is one variation, with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarns each pass.
xamples: Chiffon, seersucker, taffeta
Twill weave: A weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new row.Used for durability, this weave produces a diagonal design on the surface.
Examples: denim, gabardine
Examples: tricot, raschel knits