Bipolar Disorder

"I'm not crazy, I'm just a little unwell..."

History of Bipolar Disorder:

Bipolar is one of the oldest known illnesses. It was noticed all the way back in the 2nd century. A city in ancient Turkey found symptoms of mania and depression and thought they might be linked around 1650.

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Anatomy and Physiology of Disorder:

Bipolar Disorder or Manic Depression is mental illness. This disorder makes you have severe high and low moods along with behavior, thinking, energy, and sleep. When you have this disorder, at one point you will feel extremely happy almost to the point of feeling "high". Other days, you will feel low as in hopeless, worthless, sad, depressed, and even suicidal. Me being someone who suffers from this disorder, I can personally say I do not know what kind of person I will wake up to be tomorrow.

"Manic" means you feel extremely happy, excited, and confident. This may often drive you to make very bad decisions, delusions, and hallucinations.

"Hypomania" is milder symptoms of mania. You do not have delusions or hallucinate and it does not interfere with your everyday life.

"Depressive" is when you feel very, very low. This can result in suicide. Most people with Bipolar Disorder spend more time in the depressive stage.


-Behavioral Issues:

  • Excessive happiness, hopefulness, and excitement
  • Sudden changes from being joyful to being irritable, angry, and hostile
  • Increased energy and less need for sleep
  • Showing poor judgment
  • Becoming more impulsive
  • Sadness
  • Loss of energy
  • Feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness
  • Not enjoying things they once liked
  • ETC.

-Physical Issues:

  • Loss of energy
  • Restlessness
  • Attempting suicide
  • Appetite changes that make them lose or gain weight

-Cognitive Issues:

  • Rapid speech and poor concentration
  • High sex drive
  • Making grand and unrealistic plans
  • Showing poor judgment
  • Drug and alcohol abuse
  • Feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness
  • Not enjoying things they once liked
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Uncontrollable crying
  • Trouble making decisions
  • Irritability
  • Thoughts of death or suicide
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Bipolar Disorder cannot be cured, but there are things you can do to maintain your sanity throughout your life. You can take medications but half the time they cause more symptoms than actually helping. The thing that works the best, is talk therapy. People normally feel 100x better after they talk about their problems to someone else. Unfortunately, you will sadly suffer from this disease/disorder your whole life.

Future of the Disorder:

"Research is continuously being done to find new treatments for bipolar disorder. Lithium has been the standard treatment for over 50 years now, but with this disease being diagnosed more frequently, new treatments are continuously being looked for. Treatment is imperative for two reasons. First, a person suffering from bipolar disorder tends to die 9.2 years sooner than someone who doesn't have the disease. Second, 20% of those with bipolar disorder commit suicide. Although lithium does help, side effects plague approximately 75% of those who take this drug and they can be either major or minor."

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