Reies Lopez Tijerina
Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
It was pretty much known as the "Great Society". The "Great Society" was President Lyndon Johnson's goal. He wanted to eliminate as much poverty that he could. The EOA provided job training, adult education, and and give loans to businesses. This started out in August 1964. Many volunteer groups joined. The EOA had 1,600 agencies around the nation. Sargent Shriver took was the main head of the program. They tried getting governors to get involved. They had the ability to veto any grant. Most the governors did not like what was going on and tries vetoing everything, Shriver was able to over ride them. For Nixon's reelection he had a very low budget which meant that EOA didn't have enough money to continue big like it was. The court however made the president expand his budget for the program. In September 1981, it was abolished and fired over a 1,000 of the CSA employees.
Walkout took place in East Los Angeles. Latino students were not treated fair. They were punished when they spoke in Spanish. School administrators would also be racist against them. Students were always put down. The administrators would always tell them that they would not be able to graduate, get pregnant, go on welfare because that's what "every Mexican does". Chicanos had the most dropout rates and many did not attend college. A high school teacher, Sal Castro, high school and college student leaders, and Brown Berets, had 36 demands which were: bilingual classes, bi cultural education, Latino teachers and administration, smaller classes, better facilities, and textbooks including Mexican American history. They started walking out because their needs were not met. Apparently ever student is worth some money. What they started doing was walking out of class in homeroom because the schools lost money. Thousands of students walked out in East L.A. Many students were arrested and beaten by the police. Gates were locked but the students always found a way to get out the schools. Not only were students protesting but people from the community came and supported. On March 31 was the day that the walkout organizers were arrested. They were charged for conspiracy for disturbing schools and the peace. Chicanos were outside of the court to let the main leaders out. They were the motivation to keep on moving forward. After October 2nd, when Castro was finally released, the board of education made some changes. They hired Latino teachers and administrators.
The Grape Boycott
Before this movement the Great Depression hit. Obviously lots of people didn't have money, food, or maybe a place to sleep. Mostly Filipinos and Mexicans were the ones willing to do anything for money. White people started getting crops and hiring people. Working conditions were poor. They were very unsanitary and had very bad wages. it took about fifty years for people to actually do some thing about it. People lived in very crowded tents or shacks. If there wasn't anymore room for families they went under bridges and lived there. Workers migrated to any place in order to survive. In 1965, many Filipinos and Mexicans walked out of work and went on strike. Cesar Chavez pretty much took over this event. The UFWA (United Farmers Worker's Association), decided to boycott at pretty much every field. In 1970, workers had contracts and benefits. It was known to be one of the most successful boycotts out there.