Salmonella

What is salmonella?

Salmonella is a bacteria that occurs in your lower intestines that can cause illness. It infects a wide variety of animals and can be transmitted by contact with feces.

Who is at risk?

Anyone who comes in contact with any reptile. Although some may be more at risk than others. People like:

- Infants and children up to 5 years of age

- Anyone with HIV or any other immune disorders

- Anyone receiving radiation treatment

- Women who are pregnant

- Older adults who are frail or have poor nutri

What are the sources of bacteria for salmonella?

The most common source of salmonella is from consuming contaminated foods. These foods may include:

- Raw chicken or eggs

- Contaminated meats

- Unpasteurized  milk, juice, or cheese

- Contaminated raw fruits or vegetables

Other sources of salmonella can include any reptiles or animals like snakes, turtles, lizards, frogs, birds, etc.

What is the incubation period for salmonella?

The incubation period from salmonella is 12-72 hours.

What are the symptoms of salmonella?

Some symptoms/signs of salmonella may include:

- Nausea

- Vomiting

- Stomach cramps

- Diarrhea

- Fever

- Chills

- Headaches

How dangerous is salmonella?

More than 40,000 nationwide outbreaks of salmonella happens each year. Salmonella can be very dangerous for infants, cancer patients, and elders with a week immune system. The stronger your immune system the better off you are of getting over the illness. For those who don't have a strong immune system getting salmonella can cause long term health conditions or even death.

How can we help prevent salmonella?

To help prevent salmonella you should cook your chicken and meats to the right temperature and make sure that it is fully done. You should wash all your fruits and vegetables thoroughly. Don't use the same space or utensils for other food as you did your meats or poultry. Always keep all your food separated to prevent cross contamination including your fruits, vegetables, cook meats, and uncooked meats. Wash your hands, counter tops, and utensils thoroughly before and after cooking. And lastly try to avoid direct contact with reptiles. If you have contact with them, be sure to wash your hands with soap and warm water within 30 minutes after handling them.

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