Greek Mythology

This project is about Greek Mythology and the Greek goddess named Athena.

Greek History

Greek mythology has changed over time to accommodate the evolution of their culture, of which mythology, both overtly and in its unspoken assumptions. After the middle of the Archaic period, myths about relationships between male gods and male heroes became more and more frequent, indicating the parallel development of pedagogic pede thought to have been introduced around 630 B.C. Greek mythology is known today primarily from Greek literature and representations on visual media. The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods") myths about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.


Athena or Athene also referred to as Pallas Athena/Athene is known as the is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She is also a shrewd companion of heroes and is the goddess of heroic endeavour. The Athenians founded the Parthenon on theAcropolis of her namesake city, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honor. Athens and the goddess Athena essentially bear the same name (Athena the Goddess, Athenai the city) while it is not known which of the two words is derived from the other. She is the patroness of various crafts, especially of weaving, as Athena Ergane, and was honored as such at festivals such as Chalceia. The metalwork of weapons also fell under her patronage. Her brother Ares, the patron of violence, bloodlust and slaughter—"the raw force of war".Athena's wisdom includes the cunning intelligence (metis) of such figures as Odysseus. Athena appears in Greek mythology as the patron and helper of many heroes, including Odysseus, Jason, and Heracles. In classic Greek myths, she never consorts with a lover, nor does she ever marry.

More Athena Facts!

A remnant of archaic myth depicts her as the adoptive mother of Hephaestus Erechtheus/Erichthonius through the foiled rape by Hephaestus. Though she is the goddess war strategy, she disliked fighting without purpose and preferred to use wisdom to settle predicaments and encouraged fighting for a reasonable cause or to resolve conflict. As patron of Athens she fought in the Trojan war on the side of the Achaeans. Athena was remade as the favorite daughter of Zeus born fully armed from his forehead. Her birth comes in several versions. In the one most commonly cited, Zeus lay with Metis, the goddess of crafty thought and wisdom, but he immediately feared the consequences. Athena leaped from Zeus's head, fully grown and armed, with a shout— "and pealed to the broad sky her clarion cry of war..." Athena was the daughter of Zeus not from intercourse, but when the god had in mind the making of a world through a word (logos) his first thought was Athena. The distant archaic separate entity named Pallas is invoked as Athena's father, sister, foster sister, companion, or opponent in battle. Pallas is often a nymph, a daughter of Triton (a sea god), and a childhood friend of Athena.

Athena, Pallas, and Some other Gods and Goddesses!

Athena kills Pallas, accidentally, and thereby gains the name for herself. In one telling, they practice the arts of war together until one day they have a falling out. As Pallas is about to strike Athena, Zeus intervenes. With Pallas stunned by a blow from Zeus, Athena takes advantage and kills her. Distraught over what she has done, Athena takes the name Pallas for herself. When Pallas is Athena's father the events, including her birth, are located near a body of water named Triton or Tritonis. When Pallas is Athena's sister or foster-sister, Athena's father or foster-father is Triton, the son and herald of Poseidon. Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena all claimed to be the fairest, and thus the rightful owner of the apple. The goddesses chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Paris.


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