Life In The Civil War

The typical Civil War uniform that a Union soldier wore during the war was made primarily of wool. Along with the Civil War soldier uniform the soldiers wore a belt which held a cap box, cartridge box, bayonet with scabbard, haversack which held their rations, canteen, and a blanket roll which contained a wool blanket, a shelter half and a rubber blanket and poncho.

Women in the civil war were expected to volunteer to be battle field nurses and care for the wounded. The women supplied the troops with food, clothes, and limited medical supplies.

Clara Barton was one of many important women who played a role in the civil war. She was given the name "Angel of the Battlefield" and started the first American red cross organization.

The soldiers during the civil war didn't have the luxury of having a home cooked meal every night and struggled to get by with food. A popular food from this war is hard tack. Hard tack came in handy because it could last days in a soldiers pocket. Even though it was very appetizing the soldiers could get by with it.  

The most common battlefield injury was being wounded by enemy fire. Unless the wounds were minor, this often led to amputation of limbs to prevent infection from setting in; anti-biotics had not yet been discovered. Amputations had to be made at the point where the wound occurred, often leaving men with stub limbs.

The most famous prison during the civil war was Andersonville.

The poor food and sanitation, the lack of shelter and health care, the crowding, and the hot Georgia sun all took their toll in the form of dysentery, scurvy, malaria, and exposure. During the summer months, more than 100 prisoners died every day. Others fell victim to thieves and murderers among their fellow captives disease. 13,000 of the 45,000 prisoners died.

During the civil war Abraham Lincoln was the commander-in-chief,he legally held the highest rank in the United States armed forces and exercised his authority through strategic planning, weapons testing, and the promotion and demotion of officers. Lincoln did not issue his famous Emancipation Proclamation until January 1, 1863 after the Union victory at the Battle of Antietam. The Emancipation Proclamation, which was legally based on the President’s right to seize the property of those in rebellion against the State, only freed slaves in Southern states where Lincoln’s forces had no control. Nevertheless, it changed the tenor of the war, making it, from the Northern point of view, a fight both to preserve the Union and to end slavery.

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