# TAKE IT BACK FROM ABSTRACT

Flash cards are totally abstract. They do not foster the understanding of the facts presented. So how do you use the flashcards for more effective learning? Take it back to the concrete and representational stages. Here are two recording sheets to record their thinking for addition and multiplication. Students choose a flashcard, use counters to model it, and then draw a representation of the fact.

Multiplication Recording Sheet:

# FLASH CARD SORTING

Learners should have a strategy for the understanding the number combinations that are on flash cards.  Students can sort the flash cards by what strategy they use.  Is it a double? Is it a combination of ten? Students when students do not have a strategy for finding that combination of numbers, they can develop one or use a combination of other strategies

# FLASH CARDS AND CUBES

Learners can use the flash cards to build representations with snap cubes. Allow the learner to choose some flash cards to try and represent.  Then they will use snap cubes to represent the flashcard.
To add a challenge, have them find two or more flash cards that can be represented the same way.

# REKENREK FLASH CARDS

Here are some rekenrek flashcards to use for building understanding of number combinations.  These can be used as quick images in Kindergarten and 1st grade.
To transition from the pictorial to the abstract, have students match the rekenrek flashcard to
the abstract flash cards! They can also relate the rekenrek flashcards to number combinations for subtraction.  This is a bit more challenging, but is great to get their minds going!