Peripheral Vascular Disease
By: Danya Shere & Micah Neill


  Slow and progressive circulation disorder of the blood vessels located outside of the heart and brain. Narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs.


- Artherosclerosis in which fatty deposits build up in the artery walls and reduce blood flow

- Blood vessel inflammation

- Injury to the limbs


- Painful cramping in hip, thigh, or calf muscles

- Leg numbness

- Sores on toes, feet, or legs

- Color change in legs

- Weak pulse in legs or feet

Diagnostic Test

1) Pulse and blood pressure checks

2) Ankle-brachial index which compares the blood flow in the ankle to that in the arm

3) Doppler ultrasound


Becomes more prevalent with age, affects at least 8 to 12 million Americans

Risk Factors/Complications

- Smoking

- Diabetes

- Obesity

- High blood pressure or cholesterol

- Stroke and heart attack


Goal of treatment is to manage symptoms and stop the progression of atherosclerosis

- Medication for: cholesterol lowering, high blood pressure, controlling blood sugar, preventing blood clots

- Angioplasty (catheter threaded through a blood vessel) and bypass surgery

- Supervised exercise program


"Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)." Definition. Mayo Clinic, 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

"Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Symptoms and Treatment." EMedicineHealth. EMedicineHealth, 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

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