Our Liberty In Life
By: Chase Grande, Mr. Jones' History Project, 8th Period
#10-England: This is where King George III lived and commanded all his forces in the colonies. Where he made all of the acts and taxes. The country where the colonies wanted freedom from
#9-Tea Act: A tax that sparked the Uproar of the Sons of Liberty in Boston Tea Party. Made taxes on imported tea.
#8-Valley Forge: Valley Forge was an area where America rested for the winter during the revolutionary war. Over 2500 soldiers died and many others deserted the army during their stay here. Where America received word of French Alliance. If the americans could survive this winter, they could do anything
#7-Continental Congress: A group of main political leaders from all the colonies meeting to discuss issues with England. It included many of our founding fathers including James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington.
#6-Boston Tea Party: The sons of Liberty revolted against the Tea act made by King George and threw 342 boxes of tea into the Boston Harbor
#5-Boston Massacre: In Boston, the Sons of Liberty protested the Stamp Act. British Soldiers open fired on innocent, unarmed citizens and ended up killing 5 colonists in the process
#4-Declaration of Independence: This was a document made declaring our independence from England. It gave us our Independence from England on July 4th, 1776
#3-George Washington: This man was major Revolutionary War General and was the first president of our country. He won the battle at Trenton, a major turning point in the war.
#2-New England: This was a key area for many of the main events that happened during the Revolutionary war. Some of these main events were the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. It also included Paul Revere's midnight ride and the battle at Lexington and Concord and many more significant movements.
#1-Revolutionary War: War that took place in North America where American Colonists fought for their freedom from the British and eventually earned our freedom.
Stamp Act, 1765: This act made all printed goods need a stamp no matter what the use of the paper was.
Boston Massacre, 1770: In a protest from the Sons of Liberty against the Stamp Act, British soldiers open fired and killed five colonists. This made the Continental Congress very upset.
Tea Act, 1773: This act raised all taxes on imported tea which was an essential good in American life. This was the event which sparked the Boston Tea Party.
First Continental Congress meets, 1774: This was a meeting where many of the colony's political leaders met to debate on all of the recent things King George was doing to the colonies.
Paul Revere Warns Colonies of British Troops, 1775: Paul Revere road through Lexington and Concord warning the colonists that British troops were on their way.
The Declaration of Independence Is Finished July 4, 1776: This was a Document created mainly by Thomas Jefferson which declared our freedom from England
Battle At Saratoga, 1777: This was a major victory for Horatio Gates and the colonists which was a major upset to the British. This victory kept England out of Albany and away from the Hudson River
Treaty of Paris, Signed in 1783: This treaty officially ended the Revolutionary War
Daniel Shay's Rebellion, 1786: Daniel Shay, just a common man who fought in the war and was left with nothing after fighting. He went to war and lost almost all of what he owned. He led a rebellion of common men left with nothing to show they lost everything to become a patriot.
Bill of Rights, 1789: James Madison introduced the Bill of Rights to protect one's individual rights. It had 39 Amendments in Congress
Citations: Mr. Jones' chapters 5-7 PowerPoints on Moodle listed for Top Ten
Sons Of Liberty
The Sons of Liberty were a group of protesters before the Revolutionary War who revolted against all of the taxes England put on the Colonies. They formed in Boston in the summer of 1765. They were shopkeepers, artisans, but most importantly patriots. They were some of the major protesters in both the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. They were protesting acts like the Stamp Act and the Tea Act.
The Sons of Liberty first showed up while the Stamp Act was in full effect on the colonies. Their first act was by hanging a man by the name of Andrew Oliver and putting a big boot next to him with a devel climbing out. Later that night there was an uproar in the streets and they led the burning of all Oliver owned. A few months after this the Sons of Liberty were in every colony and their main focus was trying to get the Stamp Distributors to quit their jobs. Not all of their big movements in the Acts were violent though, they made big leaps in the printing industry. Many of them were printers and publishers. They were able to put a lot of the actions of the Sons of Liberty into their papers for everybody to know about the uprising. This got more people on their side and more revolters.
Eventually England decided that they were going to significantly raise the tax on imported tea. The Sons of Liberty were at it again. They warned all of the ships bringing in the tea that if the tax was not lowered that they would take matters into their own hands violently. Most ships heeded the word of the Sons but three ships came into the harbor one night and were raided. These raiders were none other than the Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans. They then threw 342 boxes of tea into the Boston Harbor that night.
The Sons of Liberty were very influential when it came to the debate of the different taxes. The Sons of Liberty gave people hope that they would be free. Whenever something bad happened the people knew they had an ally. There was a lot of small stuff that they also did but these were the biggest things they did. They were a symbol of liberty. They took on the task and were the Sons of said Liberty.
December 26th, 1776
Yesterday, December 25, Christmas day, we were attacked by the colonists in our winter outpost at Trenton. They snuck up on us in the middle of the night led by General George Washington. They crossed the icy Delaware River on row boats and lived through their 19 mile march to the fort at Trenton. Our forces numbered to be about 1,400 men and Washington's men numbered about 2,400. Colonel Rall had received word of colonial armies moving but his men were exhausted from all of their fighting and they were a little hungover from drinking too much on Christmas Eve. This put them at even more of a disadvantage after already being outnumbered in men. On arrival, Washington divided his men and told them to go flank enemy forces. When Rall realized he was being attacked, he quickly tried to set up defense lines but it was too late. As he tried to rally his men to their correct battle stations, he was shot and fatally wounded. Our thoughts and prayers go out to his family and loved ones. This was a battle we simply could not win. We were outmatched. General George was too strong for us yesterday. He is a force to be reckoned with and we must stand strong. We are on the brink of winning this war and we cannot let this slip out of our hands now.
The Life of John Adams
John Adams was many things to this country. He was a father not only of 5 children, but a father of a nation. He was a congressman. He was a president. He was a patriot. He was a great man and a great friend. He took on any responsibility necessary and he was always up for the jobs. John was born to a good, loving family just 15 miles from Boston. He was a boy who loved the outdoors. His family was very good to him and saw greatness in him. They were farmers, but they wanted him to be better than that. They put him through normal school for reading and writing. Then he went to school for Latin. He then went to Harvard College at the age of just 15. He knew he was very smart and he began studying law. This set him up for greatness in our country. He started out slow but he soon became perhaps the best lawyer in all of Boston. As taxes started to rise from England he was cautious to take a big role in the movements. He was afraid of leaving his great job and he did not want to leave his wife with the five children. He was initially slow to trust that the movements were justified, but later he became convinced that they were right. Soon enough he was brought into the First Continental Congress to debate the issues of these terrible acts. He was then reelected to be in the Second Continental Congress to govern the colonies and raise an army for war. He emerged as a major leader who fought the congress to declare war and gain our freedom. After the war he was able to negotiate the Treaty of Paris ending our revolution. He then returned home to be elected the first vice president of the young nation. Then he became the second president of the country. He served us in so many ways. We can only hope to follow in his footsteps. May he rest in peace.
Colonial Peanut Butter Fudge Squares
1/2 c. light corn syrup
3/4 c. peanut butter
1/3 c. butter, softened
3/4 c. pecans, chopped
1/2 tsp. salt
1 tsp. vanilla
4 c. Colonial powdered sugar, sifted
Combine syrup, peanut butter, salt, butter and vanilla. Beat until blended. Gradually add sugar, making a very stiff mixture. Turn out on board; knead until well blended, working in pecans. Press into a buttered 8-inch square pan. Chill until firm. Cut into 2-inch squares.
By The Numbers
1776 years until independence
the big 6
7 acts (www.bl.uk)
Over 25,000 American casualties (militarfactory.com)
342 Tea Crates
2 Continental Congresses
6 Years of Fighting (theamericanrevolution.org)
5 innocent lives taken in the Boston Massacre
Paul Revere's Midnight Ride
Paul Revere was hired by the Boston Committee of Correspondence in 1775 to be an express rider to carry urgent news and messages all through the New England area. In April of the same year he was told to carry a message to John Hancock and Samuel Adams that British forces were coming to arrest them. Revere then borrowed a horse from his friend and made sure his ride was set up. He rode straight through the country warning every person there was that the British were coming. He got to Lexington around midnight and told the man who answered the door that the British regulars were coming for Hancock and Adams. The man did not believe him but he persisted and the man realized it was true. Soon after this, Revere was joined by two other riders on different routes named William Dawes and Samuel Prescott. They decided they would ride on to Concord where the weapon supply was to warn the area that Regulars were on their way. Right after they left, they were arrested by British Patrols, but Dawes and Prescott escaped. Revere was then released short after.
Got to Cite the Sources
PowerPoints 5-7 are for the Timeline, the Top Ten.
PowerPoint 5: https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat...
PowerPoint 6: https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat...
PowerPoint 7: https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat...
Sons of Liberty Bio: http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/sons....
Sons of Liberty Bio: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sons-of...
Battle at Trenton Article: http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/...
John Adams Obituary: http://millercenter.org/president/adams/essays/bio...
Peanut Butter Fudge Squares: http://www.cooks.com/recipe/612ym8a8/colonial-pean...
By The Numbers:
Paul Revere's Midnight Ride: https://www.paulreverehouse.org/ride/real.html