The Battle of Britain
Our group project is the Battle of Britain. The Battle of Britain started on July 10, 1940. The Germans begin the first in a long series of bombing raids against Great Britain, as the Battle of Britain (BOB), which will last 3 1/2 months, begins.
Three weeks after the evacuation at Dunkerque (Which rescued thousands of allied soldiers), France surrendered to the Germans. Britain was vulnerable to Hitler. With it's army weakened and supplies low, Britain was prepared for an invasion. And on July 10, 120 German bombers and fighters struck a British Shipping Convoy, while 70 more bombers attacked dockyards installations in South Wales. Although Britain had far fewer fighters than the Germans- 600 versus 1,300- it had a few advantages, such as Britain's superior quality planes. It's Spitfires (above) could turn tighter than Germany's ME109s, making it better at confusing pursuers. Another British plane was the Hurricane, it could carry 40mm cannons, and would shoot down, with it's American Browning machine guns, 1,500 Luftwaffe aircraft. This is what helped Britain while they were fighting in the BOB (by the way, the Luftwaffe is the German Air Force).
More Effects Of Battle of Britain
All through the summer of 1940, the Germans placed landing barges along the coast of France. They meant to use the barges to carry their troops across the English Channel into Great Britain. In the beginning of August the Luftwaffe began to bomb airfields in Great Britain, hoping to destroy the RAF (Royal Air Force). They narrowly failed to destroy the RAF. The only reason that the RAF was able to overcome the Luftwaffe, was that their radar stations warned them that German planes were approaching. The British planes did so much damage that the invasion was called off. With their plans ruined, the Nazis changed tactics. Hitler told the Luftwaffe to concentrate on bombing Great Britain's major cities. The name of these raids was "Blitz". The Nazis thought that this would make Great Britain withdraw from the war. From September 7 to the end of October, 1940, Germany bombed London and other cities endlessly. Though there was a few bombings in May of 1941, the Battle of Britain was considered over in October.
In the Battle of Britain, more than 30,000 civilians were killed. Even through all of this, the British never backed down, because they wanted their freedom. Although nobody helped Britain, they fought against Germany to the end and it had good results. The RAF shot down so many German bombers that Hitler gave up on Great Britain and started to invade the Balkans (By the way, the Battle of Britain was the first battle fought to control the air).
Chronological Events Recap
1. Thousands of Allied soldiers are rescued at Dunkerque
2. France surrenders to Germany
3. The Germans assemble landing barges on the coast of France to prepare for the invasion on Great Britain.
4. Hitler cancels his plan to invade Britain in the summer of 1940.
5. The Germans switch to bombing British cities.
6. The British win the Battle of Britain.