Chapter 1 - What is ITGS?

Mrs. Larson - ITGS, LD Bell HS

Information Technology in a Global Society is the study of how developments in Information Technology affect people and society. These social impacts can be positive or negative. In ITGS you will study situations locally and from across the world.

Command Terms

Complete comprehension of the ITGS Command Terms is essential to correctly addressing questions regarding the course material. These terms are integrated in the textbook exercises as well as the external assessments.

Key Components

Making decisions about the use of technology by weighing the positive and negative impacts. Evaluation is made easier using the ITGS Triangle

Strand 1: Social and Ethical Significance

Whenever information technology is used there are always social impacts, either positive or negative on stakeholders. We categorize these issues in the following groups:

  • 1.1 Reliability and Integrity
  • 1.2 Security
  • 1.3 Privacy and Anonymity
  • 1.4 Intellectual Property
  • 1.5 Authenticity
  • 1.6 The Digital Divide and Equality of Access
  • 1.7 Surveillance
  • 1.8 Globalization and Cultural Diversity
  • 1.9 Policies
  • 1.10 Standards and Protocols
  • 1.11 People and Machines
  • 1.12 Digital Citizenship

Often an IT system can cause several issues of social and ethical significance but the ITGS Triangle provides a method for evaluating these ethical questions.

Questions to Consider

In order to evaluate the impacts of an IT system consider the following questions.

  1. Are the impacts serious? Are they life or death or merely an inconvenience?
  2. Is the impact a long term or short term impact?
  3. Is there an easy solution to the problem?
  4. Are all stakeholders affected or just a few?
  5. Are the affected stakeholders a large group or a small group?
  6. Is the impact a local or global issue?
  7. Is the impact likely to lead to further problems?

Strand 2: Application to Specific Areas

2.1 Business & Employment

IT exists all around us. ITGS examines the effects of information technology in 6 specific areas. IBM's channel on YouTube, contains some excellent videos summarizing how information technology is used in various ITGS specific scenarios. These may help you better understand concepts of the strand 2 topics.

2.2 Education & Training

2.3 Environment

2.4 Health

2.5 Home & Leisure

2.6 Politics & Government

Strand 3: IT Systems

The IT Systems part of the course examines how the underlying technology works in order to better understand how systems differ from previous systems, and how they affect technology.

All IT systems take data as input and process it according to programmed instructions into output. In order to understand this process students must gain knowledge of 12 IT Systems.

  • 3.1 Hardware
  • 3.2 Software
  • 3.3 Networks
  • 3.4 Internet
  • 3.5 Personal & Public Communications
  • 3.6 Multimedia/Digital media
  • 3.7 Databases
  • 3.8 Spreadsheets, Modeling and Simulations
  • 3.9 Introduction to Project Management
  • 3.10 IT Systems in Organizations (HL only)
  • 3.11 Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems (HL only)
  • 3.12 Information systems specific to the annually issued case study (HL only)