Haiti in the 1960's
Papa Doc Duvalier and his rule.
At the top is a picture of Franqiuos Duvalier
Birth- April 14, 1907/Death- April 21, 1971.
Papa Doc was the ruler of Haiti from 1957 to 1971. During that time, he would be fine with killing his enemies so that he could keep his presidency over Haiti alive. The approximate amount of people he killed, or murdered was 20,000 to 60,000. This information is from the website www.topics.nytimes.com
Papa Doc trying to become the ruler of Haiti
During 1961, Papa Doc Duvalier was up for being the ruler of Haiti. In 1961, he changed the ballots to have his name placed at the top. After that, he announced that his victory gave him another six years in office. A quote that supports this is, "Latin America has witnessed many fraudulent (fake) elections … but none will have been more outrageous than the one which has just taken place in Haiti." This is from the website www.notablebiographies.com
After the election in 1961, Papa Doc Duvalier felt that he should be moved as the permanent president of Haiti. A quote that supports this is, "After the election of 1961 and the continuation of Duvalier's rule in 1963, many observers felt it was only a matter of time before Duvalier moved to have himself installed as permanent Haitian president." This is from the website www.notablebiographies.com
Papa Doc's harsh treatment towards Haiti
By terrifying people, he got innocent Haitians to go to prison and be killed. At one point, Papa Doc thought three of his four children were being kidnapped, so he ordered 65 officers to be shot. Also, he commanded the firing squad that dispatched 19 of his closest followers to be plotting against him. A quote that supports this is, "With terrifying regularity, he sent his aides from palace to prison, and from there often to either foreign exile or execution. After a kidnaping attempt on two of his children, Papa Doc ordered 65 officers summarily shot. On another occasion, he personally commanded the firing squad that dispatched 19 of his closest followers, whom he suspected—probably without justification —of plotting against him." This from the website www.content.time.com
Later on during Papa Doc's rule, Haitian people tried fighting against him but he decided to do even crazier things to scare the people of Haiti. A leader of one of the fighting groups was killed so Papa Doc decided to have his head cut off and had been brought to his palace. He used it to see what the plan's of the group leader had to go against Papa Doc. A quote that supports this is, "As Haitian exiles began staging small guerrilla landings in the 1960s, Papa Doc's behavior became even more bizarre. After the leader of a guerrilla group had been killed in a skirmish, Papa Doc had the man's head cut off and brought to the palace. There Papa Doc supposedly used his occult powers to conjure information about the guerrilla band's plans from the dead man's skull. There were rumors that Papa Doc had taken to torturing prisoners himself in the palace basement." This from the website www.content.time.com
The fact that Papa Doc had killed so many people and caused them to suffer, some people decided flee Haiti. They didn't want to be treated with such cruelty and disrespect. They had had enough of Papa Doc's reign of terror, so they decided to leave and finally be free.
Papa Doc Duvalier ending the use of communism in Haiti
On April 28 1969, Papa Doc Duvalier set a campaign to get rid of all communists in Haiti. He stated that any communist activity should be declared crimes against the security of the State. Whoever prosecuted under this law would be faced with the death penalty. A quote that supports this is, "On 28 April 1969, Duvalier instituted a campaign to rid Haiti of all communists, promulgating a law stipulating that "Communist activities, no matter what their form, are hereby declared crimes against the security of the State," and prescribing the death penalty for individuals prosecuted under this law." This is from the website www.wikipedia.org
Baby Doc Duvalier
Birth-June 3, 1951/Death-October 4, 2014
In April 1971, Baby Doc got the presidency over Haiti when he turned 19 after his father's death, Papa Doc Duvalier. He was named "president for life" once his father died. He was considered the youngest person on the earth to hold the office. Once he went into office he didn't want to be in the duties of office. A quote that supports this is, "Jean-Claude Duvalier was not interested in the duties of office, delegating authority in most government matters to his mother, Simone. He made only superficial changes to his father's administration, preferring instead to be a figurehead rather than a hands-on ruler." This is from the website www.haitiobserver.com
On April 10 and May 15, 1983, Haiti holds an election for Baby Doc Duvalier for the first time since 1957. No candidate was against the Duvalier administration. On July 22, 1985, Haiti holds a referendum to confirm Baby Doc's "presidency for life." His presidency count passed with 99.9%. On February 7, 1986, an uprising occurred, so Baby Doc Duvalier and his family fled Haiti and went to France. A quote supporting this is, "Haitian municipal elections are held for the first time since 1957. No candidate for office is opposed to the Duvalier administration. Haiti holds a referendum to confirm Duvalier's mandate as president for life. It passes with 99.9% of the vote. After a popular uprising, Duvalier, his wife, two children and mother, flee Haiti on board a United States military airplane bound for France." This is from the website www.cnn.com