The American revolution
Causes, characteristics and consequences
There were a lot of causes for the American Revolution. Many of the revolutionary leaders had studied major writings of the Enlightenment including those of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Rousseau, and the Baron de Montesquieu. From these writings, the founders came up with the concepts of the social contract, limited government, and separation of powers. The glorious revolution played an important role in the American Revolution. the colonists wanted more rights and religious freedom which was given to the people under William and Mary. But since George the III was in power he began to take away those rights from the people and exploit the colonies for their profit. There were some major event that led to the American Revolution. One of them was the French and Indian war, the war between France and England ended with the victorious British, which also have them in depth. Because of that the British government demanded more money and taxes from the thirteen colonies. Which made them upset and revolt against the British or the mother country. The consequences of the American Revolution was the population of the white group flooded into the new world. Which in result had war with the Indians for the land. Also it made it clear that men have more rights than women. Also men were treated superior. It also increased the the percentage of slaves coming to the new world and decrease of men in the west coast of Africa. The positive effects of the revolution would be that long term we would not be here right now.
Ideas influencing the revolution
Political revolutions can be influenced by many different variables. The separation of powers can influence political revolutions because if someone isn't happy with the rule of one person, many different groups can split up and share different ideas so it isn't so controlling and it's more fair in decision making processes. If the people want a voice, if they don't have it, that can also greatly lead to a political revolution, sometimes the power can be within the people as well and that's what democracy is. Then we have checks and balances to ensure that one branch does not have too much power over the rest. Not everyone has the same ideas so sometimes you must listen to the people If we go back in time a little bit, we can see that women didn't always have the same rights, meaning they weren't always equal to the men which can very easily spark a political revolution, again because we all have different ideas and we all wanna feel like we're a part of something. This is also in relation to human's rights. Women used to not have a right to vote and they weren't equal to men. That's why we have the 19th amendment giving women the right to vote making them one step closer to be given equal rights. You could say the 19th amendment was their mini political revolution.
The Declaration of Independence and the US constitution
The continental congress, composed of Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and others, wrote the Declaration of Independence which became the cornerstone of the American revolution. The colonists were forced to organize themselves by the English. This led them to form their own government and fight against the British. The fighting ended in July 1776 when the Declaration of Independence was written. The Declaration of Independence still influences the US today. It provides a direction for our country to go, towards freedom and equality. Our constitution has provided limits to our government and provides the judiciary branch with a document to enforce restrictions on the government and the people. Without the constitution checks and balances or the basis of our laws on individuals and the government would be nonexistent.
Role of citizens and people who shifted their thoughts
the members of the continental congresses were primarily responsible for convincing and rallying an army to fight against the British. They rallied angry colonists and freedom fighters alike in order to fight back against the tyrannical rule of the British. The continental congress was composed of many of the well known founding fathers like inventor Benjamin franklin, Thomas Jefferson (who wrote the doi), George Washington and many others. The ideals and values these founding fathers had still influence many members of our government and even entire political parties. But the colonists and the armies were the one that got us our independence. Led by George Washington the colonist army was able to beat the biggest superpower in the world. They did this by rallying next to their leaders and revolting against the British rule. The sons of liberty used violence against Britain to up held their freedoms. Many colonists committed the boston tea party and boycotted their tea, creating a whole in Britain's economy. These events and the many battles they went through spawned one of the most powerful and courageous countries known to man.
The effect on Latin america
American revolution inspired other colonies being controlled to revolt against their rulers try to become a free independent nation. In particular, the Latin American revolution. Spain was taxing Latin America, treating them like slaves and they were inspired by the American revolution. So they came together and revolted and ultimately won and became a free independent nation. Another reason why Latin America wanted its independence was because Spain was very nationalist. They believed that the country came before the people and that every citizen had a common language, culture and religion. Therefore, Spain didn't allow freedom. They wanted everybody to be one. Some ideas that inspired the Latin Americans was the idea of freedom. They were constantly being forced onto to things they didn't want just like the Americans so they decided to revolt and have a chance at freedom.
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