Mongol Empire

Mongols and Yuan

Mongol Dynasty

The Mongol emperor was Genghis Khan, his name means "universal ruler". When he was in power Genghis built an empire and organized Mongols into a powerful military. He made user the armies were able to be mobile and he made sure they could strike quickly. The Mongols used very brutal and psychological warfare tactics. They burned any town or city that resisted them to spread fear. Many people surrendered to the Mongols without even fighting because they were so brutal and feared. Genghis Khan died in 1127 and the Mongols at this point controlled much of northern China and Central Asia. When he died he told his sons and grandsons that it was up to them to conquer the world since he didn't have enough time in his life time to conquer it all. Each of the sons and grandsons took over an empire to rule. Even though the Mongols were brutal they ruled peacefully and for that they called this period the Pax Mongolia, Mongolian peace.

Above is a video for the Mongol dynasty

Yuan Dynasty

The emperor in the Yuan dynasty was Kublai Khan and many people didn't like him because they thought Mongols were rude and uncivilized. Khan didn't force anything on the Chinese that they had to adopt, but he did adopt some of their culture. The Mongols lived apart from the Chinese, they were discouraged to be friends, and forbidden to get married. They didn't let the Chinese own weapons or serve in the military, they also charged the Chinese high taxes. They had Chinese people build the Grand Canal. To keep peace in their empire they had soldiers throughout China because they feared the Chinese were going to rebel. The Mongol empire became weaker because the military got weaker and they spent large amounts on public work projects that weakened their economy. This make it easier for rebellion and when Kublai Khan died in 1294, the Chinese took their chance to rebel. The Chinese defeated them and that ended the foreign rule in China

Above is the Grand Canal, it was a waterway used to connect the northern and southern part of China.