8th Grade Health
By: Liv Farina
- A chemical communication system that controls many body functions
- The endocrine system is made up of glands located throughout the body.
- The Pancreas is part of the endocrine system because it secretes insulin.
male reproductive system
- During puberty, the testes produce testosterone and sperm.
- The urethra is a tube that carries urine and sperm to the outside of the body.
- The testes are two small glands that produce sperm.
Female Reproductive System
- The female reproductive system has to store egg cells, create offspring, and give birth.
- New life is formed through the process of fertilization.
- Once fertilized, the egg travels from the Fallopian tube to the Fallopian tube to the uterus where it attaches to the wall of the uterus and begins to grow.
- During puberty, egg cells mature and are released by the overies in a process called ovulation.
- If an egg is not fertilized, the uterus lining breaks down and is shed by the body through menstruation.
- Menstruation usually lasts from 5 to 7 days and happens about every 28 days.
pregnancy and labor
- Fertilization: the union of a single sperm and an ovum.
- zygote a fertilized ovum (egg)
- Amniotic Sac: a fluid-filled sac that surrounds the embryo.
- Each year, one-quarter of all new cases of STD's appear among 15-19 year old. STD's can be bacterial or a virus.
- Most STD's are spread through sexual contact.
- You cannot tell if some one has STD's by there appearance.
- HIV attacks T cells and replaces the genetic information of the T cells with its own genetic information.
- One symptom that signals the onset of AIDS is the practice of opportunistic infection.
- A person can be a carrier of HIV for ten years or more before starting to show symptoms of AIDS.
- Avoid being alone on a date.
- Communicate you limits to a date.
- Participate in group activities.