Road to Civil War
By: Elane Holt & Aubrey Pettigrew

Women's Right Movement- push to give women equal status in society, voting, wages, and working conditions; this signified the first time a minority group stood up for themselves and others (slaves); this movement had a greater impact in the North because more women worked there and the women stood up for slavery in the South

Anti-Slavery Movement- fight against slavery; famous abolitionist included the Grimke Sisters, Fredrick Douglass, and Sojourner Truth; it split the views of the North and South sparking the Civil War and created issues within both the North and South; the North promoted the anti-slavery movement while the South protested it

Public Education Reform- push for quality education for white children; named after Horace Mann who wanted to change the idea of education and believed that children could contribute to society if taught properly; changed family structure, children where no longer taught in homes and created to work for the family; the South wanted their kids to work but the North pushed the reform because they believed in education

Temperance Movement- urging personal moderation in the consumption of alcoholic beverages; led to many other reform movements than sprung up in America and caused renewed interest in religion; the Southerners did not support the Temperance Movement  because they felt it was tied to abolitionism

Manifest Destiny- belief that it was a God given will to expand territory; expanded the U.S., led to an increase in anti-slavery states and sparked the Civil War; South wanted to expand into further territories due to popular sovereignty and the North didn't want to expand out of risk for more slavery

Fugitive Slaw Law-1850- law passed stating that slave owners could capture their runaway slaves, slaves could not testify for themselves; law that started the Civil War and created more sectionalism between the North and South; the South supported the law because they felt the slaves were their property while the North ignored the law making their own that protected the slaves

Uncle Tom's Cabin-1852- book published by Harriet Beecher Stowe that changed Americans view on slavery; people began to see slavery as morally wrong and Abraham Lincoln told Stowe that she single handedly started the Civil War; North readers realized the horrors of slavery and the South branded the book as an overstatement

Kansas & Nebraska Act-1854- created the territories of Nebraska and Kansas  opening new lands for settlement and allowed the vote of whether the state would be free or slave; repealed the Missouri Compromise and created further tensions between the North and South; Southerners fled to the states in hope of more slave states but the Northerners opposed the act

Dred Scott Decision-1857- Dred Scott was a slave who wanted to sue for his freedom but he lost his case and the supreme court declared that no slave could be a U.S. citizen and Congress could not stop slavery in the new territories; widened the political and social gap between the North and South; the North believed this decision was evidence that the South wanted to extend slavery and ultimately rule the nation and the Southerners approved of the decision and agreed that Congress had no right to stop slavery

Transcontinental Railroad-1869- first railroad in the South; connected the South and the West and helped with trade and travel; overall the North and South both thought the concept of the railroad was a good idea but they disagreed on the placement and the route

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